What is Acute Flaccid Paralysis?
Accute Flacid Paralysis or AFP is a clinical syndrome, which refers to a collection of signs and symptoms, instead of a diagnosis. AFP is defined by the acute onset of weakness or paralysis with reduced muscle tone in children.
There are many infectious, and non-infectious causes of AFP. Polio, caused by the wild polio virus (the natural circulating strain) is one of the causes of AFP. In line with the world-wide campaign to eradicate polio, there is a global monitoring process where clinical cases of AFP are identified and investigated to depict whether these cases are a direct result of the wild polio virus.