What is Brucellosis?
Brucellosis is infection with Brucella bacteria in humans or animals. The following Brucella species can cause human infection: Brucella abortus, B. melitensis, B. suis, and B. canis. Brucella species were named after David Bruce, a military physician who discovered the bacterium Brucella melitensis on the island of Malta around 1902 in infected soldiers. Brucellosis is formerly known as Mediterranean fever, Malta fever or undulant fever.