The National Cancer Registry (NCR) was established in 1986 and is South Africa’s main cancer statistics source; it collates and analyses cancer cases diagnosed in pathology laboratories (both public and private) nationwide and reports annual cancer incidence rates stratified by sex, age and population groups. Although the NCR is a pathology based cancer registry, resulting in under reporting of many malignancies, the published data has been used extensively to inform development of the draft national policy guidelines for cancer prevention and control (DOH,2002), to inform cancer research and for teaching purposes. These data are also used by many other sectors with a keen interest in cancers to inform their policy decision-making processes and/or intervention programs.
In February 2009 the NCR was incorporated into the National Institute for Occupational Health. The NCR currently has a staff of 15 who receive approximately 80,000 cancer notifications annually. Approximately 60,000 are new cases forming the basis of which the cancer incidence is estimated.
The NCR methodology follows that recommended by the WHO/IARC.This document contains information on data collection and data flow; reporting of cancer; data quality and quality assurance; analysis and presentation of cancer incidence report.