Scientific publications are publications consisting of research results and knowledge derived by scientists, shared and referenced by others across the world. They communicate research findings and data analysis and serve to generate dialogue between peers on topical scientific issues.

The Communicable diseases communiqué is published on a monthly basis for the purpose of providing up-to-date information on communicable diseases in South Africa. Much of the information is preliminary and should not be cited or utilised for publication.

Communiqué is released monthly – to download and view past Communiqué publications, go to Archives.

The Public Health Surveillance Bulletin is a quarterly publication which provides information on surveillance activities, which enables effective monitoring of rates and distribution of diseases, detection of outbreaks, monitoring of interventions, and predicting emerging hazards. The Surveillance Reports are analyses and interpretation of surveillance data, primarily from notifiable medical conditions.

To download and view past publications, go to Archives.

Quality control of malaria microscopy surveillance, Mpumalanga province malaria control programme, South Africa, January – December 2019
Notified legionnaires’ disease in South Africa, 2018-2020
Paediatric & adolescent HIV viral load monitoring, 2014-2020
Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance for polio, South Africa and other African countries, 2019
GERMS-SA annual surveillance report for laboratory-confirmed invasive meningococcal, haemophilus influenzae, pneumococcal, group A streptococcal and group B streptococcal infections, South Africa, 2019

The Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD) cumulative graphs report provides a summary of the total number of IPD cases reported to GERMS-SA to date, and if vaccine or non-vaccine serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae were identified. GERMS-SA is a national, active, laboratory-based surveillance system initiated in 2003 and this report is updated on a quarterly basis. 


July 2021


NOV 2020

SEPT 2020

APRIL 2020


October 2019

JULY 2019

APRIL 2019


Oct 2018

Jul 2018

The Weekly and Monthly Respiratory Pathogens Surveillance Report is published weekly and offers information and data about influenza, pneumonia and Respiratory Syncytial virus trends across South Africa. It offers an outlook where data collected is measured on the epidemic threshold to determine a pandemic.

To download and view past reports, go to Archives.

weekly respiratory Pathogens surveillance report week 16 (2020)

Age at antiretroviral therapy initiation and cell-associated HIV-1 DNA levels in HIV-1-infected children

Kuhn L, Paximadis M, Da Costa Dias B, Loubser S, Strehlau R, Patel F, Shiau S, Coovadia A, Abrams EJ, and Tiemessen CT.

PLoS One. 2018 Apr 12;13(4):e0195514. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195514.  Read publication 

Analysis of risk factors associated with hepatocellular carcinoma in black South Africans: 2000-2012

Mak D, Babb de Villiers C, Chasela C, Urban MI, Kramvis A.

PLoS One. 2018 May 2;13(5):e0196057. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196057.  Read publication 

Common variation in NLRP3 is associated with early death and elevated inflammasome biomarkers among advanced HIV/TB co-infected patients in Botswana

Ravimohan S, Nfanyana K, Tamuhla N, Tiemessen CT, Weissman D and Bisson GP.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018 Apr 11;5(5):ofy075. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofy075.  Read publication 

Cryptococcal antigen positivity combined with the percentage of HIV-seropositive samples with CD4 counts <100 cells/μl identifies districts in South Africa with advanced burden of disease

Coetzee LM, Cassim N, Sriruttan C, Mhlanga M, Govender NP, Glencross DK.

PLoS One. 2018 Jun 12;13(6):e0198993. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198993.  Read publication 

Detection of Campylobacter species in stool specimens from patients with symptoms of acute flaccid paralysis in South Africa

Thobela MS, Smith AM, Moonsamy S, Du Plessis H, Govender N, Keddy KH.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2018; 12(7): 542-549. doi:10.3855/jidc.9795.  Read publication 

Distribution of influenza virus types by age using case-based global surveillance data from twenty-nine countries, 1999-2014

Caini S, Spreeuwenberg P, Kusznierz GF, Rudi JM, Owen R, Pennington K, Wangchuk S, Gyeltshen S, Ferreira de Almeida WA, Pessanha Henriques CM, Njouom R, Vernet MA, Fasce RA, Andrade W, Yu H, Feng L, Yang J, Peng Z, Lara J, Bruno A, de Mora D, de Lozano C, Zambon M, Pebody R, Castillo L, Clara AW, Matute ML, Kosasih H, Nurhayati, Puzelli S, Rizzo C, Kadjo HA, Daouda C, Kiyanbekova L, Ospanova A, Mott JA, Emukule GO, Heraud JM, Razanajatovo NH, Barakat A, El Falaki F, Huang SQ, Lopez L, Balmaseda A, Moreno B, Rodrigues AP, Guiomar R, Ang LW, Lee VJM, Venter M, Cohen C, Badur S, Ciblak MA, Mironenko A, Holubka O, Bresee J, Brammer L, Hoang PVM, Le MTQ, Fleming D, Séblain CE, Schellevis F, Paget J.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 8;18(1):269. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3181-y.  Read publication 

Emergomyces: a new genus of Dimorphic Fungal Pathogens causing disseminated disease among immunocompromised persons globally

Schwartz I, Maphanga TG, Govender NP.

Current Fungal Infection Reports (2018) 12:44–50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12281-018-0308-y.    Read publication 

Global distribution of invasive serotype 35D Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates following introduction of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Lo SW, Gladstone RA, van Tonder AJ, Hawkins PA, Kwambana-Adams B, Cornick JE, Madhi SA, Nzenze SA, du Plessis M, Kandasamy R, Carter PE, Eser ÖK, Ho PL, Elmdaghri N, Shakoor S, Clarke SC, Antonio M, Everett DB, von Gottberg A, Klugman KP, McGee L, Breiman RF, Bentley SD.

J Clin Microbiol. 2018 Jun 25;56(7). pii: e00228-18. doi: 10.1128/JCM.00228-18.  Read publication 

Guidelines for the vaccination of HIV-infected adolescents and adults in South Africa

Dlamini SK, Madhi SA, Muloiwa R, von Gottberg A, Moosa MS, Meiring ST, Wiysonge CS, Hefer E, Mulaudzi MB, Nuttall J, Moorhouse M, Kagina BM.

S Afr J HIV Med. May 2018; 19(1), a839. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhivmed.v19i1.839Read publication 

Intra-host and intra-household diversity of influenza A viruses during household transmissions in the 2013 season in 2 peri-urban communities of South Africa

Valley-Omar Z, Iyengar P, von Mollendorf C, Tempia S, Moerdyk A, Hellferscee O, Martinson N, McMorrow M, Variava E, Masonoke K, Cohen AL, Cohen C, Treurnicht FK.

PLoS One. 2018 May 24;13(5):e0198101. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198101.  Read publication 

National coverage of reflex cryptococcal antigen screening: A milestone achievement in the care of persons with advanced HIV disease

Govender NP, Glencross DK.

S Afr Med J. 2018 Jun 26;108(7):534-535. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i7.13094.  Read publication 

Pertussis in Africa: Findings and recommendations of the Global Pertussis Initiative (GPI)

Muloiwa R, Wolter N, Mupere E, Tan T, Chitkara AJ, Forsyth KD, von König CW, Hussey G.

Vaccine. 2018 Apr 25;36(18):2385-2393. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.03.025.  Read publication 

Phenotypic and genotypic correlation of carbapenememase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and problems experienced in routine screening

Singh-Moodley A, Perovic O.

S Afr Med J. 2018 May 25;108(6):495-501. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i6.12878.  Read publication 

Prevalence of selected zoonotic diseases and risk factors at a human-wildlife-livestock interface in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

Simpson GJG, Quan V, Frean J, Knobel DL, Rossouw J, Weyer J, Marcotty T, Godfroid J, Blumberg LH.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2018 Jun; 18(6): 303-310. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2017.2158.  Read publication 

RICH2 is implicated in viraemic control of HIV-1 in black South African individuals

Paximadis M, Ngqobe RN, Chaisson RE, Martinson NA, Tiemessen CT.

Infect Genet Evol. 2017 Apr;49:78-87. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.01.007.  Read publication 

Spatial Patterns of Extensively drug-resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-tuberculosis) transmission in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Nelson KN, Shah NS, Mathema B, Ismail N, Brust JCM, Brown TS, Auld SC, Omar SV, Morris N, Campbell A, Allana S, Moodley P, Mlisana K, Gandhi NR.

J Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 28. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiy394.  Read publication 

The etiology of vaginal discharge syndrome in Zimbabwe: Results from the Zimbabwe STI Etiology Study

Chirenje ZM, Dhibi N, Handsfield HH, Gonese E, Tippett Barr B, Gwanzura L, Latif AS, Maseko DV, Kularatne RS, Tshimanga M, Kilmarx PH, Machiha A, Mugurungi O, Rietmeijer CA.

Sex Transm Dis. 2018 Jun;45(6):422-428. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000771.  Read publication 

The preventable tragedy of diphtheria in the 21st century

Blumberg LH, Prieto MA, Diaz JV, Blanco MJ, Valle B, Pla C, Durrheim DN.

Int J Infect Dis. 2018 Jun; 71: 122-123. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2018.05.002.  Read publication

The relative invasive disease potential of Streptococcus pneumoniae among children after PCV introduction: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Balsells E, Dagan R, Yildirim I, Gounder PP, Steens A, Muñoz-Almagro C, Mameli C, Kandasamy R, Givon Lavi N, Daprai L, van der Ende A, Trzciński K, Nzenze SA, Meiring S, Foster D, Bulkow LR, Rudolph K, Valero-Rello A, Ducker S, Vestrheim DF, von Gottberg A, Pelton SI, Zuccotti G, Pollard AJ, Sanders EAM, Campbell H, Madhi SA, Nair H, Kyaw MH.

J Infect. 2018 Jun 30. pii: S0163-4453(18)30182-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2018.06.004.  Read publication 

The role of HIV in influenza- and respiratory syncytial virus-associated hospitalizations in South African children, 2011-2016

McMorrow ML, Tempia S, Walaza S, Treurnicht FK, Moyes J, Cohen AL, Pretorius M, Hellferscee O, Wolter N, von Gottberg A, Nguweneza A, McAnerney JM, Naby F, Mekgoe O, Venter M, Madhi SA, Cohen C.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 29. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy532.  Read publication 

Treatment and prevention of malaria: update for the 2018 season in South Africa

Blumberg L, Frean J, Baker L.

Infect Dis Update 2018; 7(1): 4-7.  Read publication 

Trends in the relative prevalence of genital ulcer disease pathogens and association with HIV infection in Johannesburg, South Africa, 2007±2015

Kularatne RS, Muller EE, Maseko DV, Kufa-Chakezha T, Lewis DA.

PLoS One. 2018 Apr 4;13(4):e0194125. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194125.  Read publication 

Waterborne outbreak of gastroenteritis on the KwaZulu-Natal Coast, South Africa, December 2016/January 2017

Sekwadi PG, Ravhuhali KG, Mosam A, Essel V, Ntshoe GM, Shonhiwa AM, McCarthy K, Mans J, Taylor MB, Page NA, Govender N.

Epidemiol Infect. 2018 May 21: 1-8. doi: 10.1017/S095026881800122X.  Read publication 

WHO Bulletin.  Rabies vaccines: WHO position paper – April 2018

Blumberg LH.

Weekly epidemiological record, 20 APRIL 2018, 93th YEAR. No 16, 2018, 93, 201–220.   Read publication 

Beyond social desirability bias: Investigating inconsistencies in selfreported HIV testing and treatment behaviors among HIVPositive adults in North West Province, South Africa

Mooney AC, Campbell CK, Ratlhagana MJ, Grignon JS, Mazibuko S, Agnew E, Gilmore H, Barnhart S, Puren A, Shade SB, Liegler T, Lippman SA.

AIDS Behav. 2018 Jul;22(7):2368-2379. doi: 10.1007/s10461-018-2155-9.  Read publication 

An intervention to optimise the delivery of integrated tuberculosis and HIV services at primary care clinics: results of the MERGE cluster randomised trial

Kufa T, Fielding KL, Hippner P, Kielmann K, Vassall A, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD, Charalambous S.

Contemp Clin Trials. 2018 Sep;72:43-52. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2018.07.013.  Read publication 

Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in the South African public sector

Perovic O, Ismail H & Van Schalkwyk E.

SA J Infect Dis 2018:1–12.  DOI: 10.1080/23120053.2018.1469851.  Read publication 

Case Definition of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis in Resource-Constrained Settings

Denning DW, Page ID, Chakaya J, Jabeen K, Jude CM, Cornet M, Alastruey-Izquierdo A, Bongomin F, Bowyer P, Chakrabarti A, Gago S, Guto J, Hochhegger B, Hoenigl M, Irfan M, Irurhe N, Izumikawa K, Kirenga B, Manduku V, Moazam S, Oladele RO, Richardson MD, Tudela JLR, Rozaliyani A, Salzer HJF, Sawyer R, Simukulwa NF, Skrahina A, Sriruttan C, Setianingrum F, Wilopo BAP, Cole DC, Getahun H.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Aug;24(8). doi: 10.3201/eid2408.171312.  Read publication 

Clinical management of East African trypanosomiasis in South Africa: Lessons learned

Frean J, Sieling W, Pahad H, Shoul E, Blumberg L.

Int J Infect Dis. 2018 Aug 25; 75: 101-108. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2018.08.012.  Read publication 

Collated data of mutation frequencies and associated genetic variants of bedaquiline, clofazimine and linezolid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Ismail N, Vally Omar S, Ismail N, Peters RPH.

Data Brief. 2018 Sep 24;20:1975-1983. doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2018.09.057. eCollection 2018 Oct.  Read publication 

Congenital rubella syndrome surveillance in South Africa using a sentinel site approach: a cross-sectional study

Motaze NV, Manamela J, Smit S, Rabie H, Harper K, duPlessis N, Reubenson G, Coetzee M, Ballot D, Moore D, Nuttall J, Linley L, Tooke L, Kriel J, Hallbauer U, Sutton C, Moodley P, Hardie D, Mazanderani AH, Goosen F, Kyaw T, Leroux D, Hussain A, Singh R, Kelly C, Ducasse G, Muller M, Blaauw M, Hamese M, Leeuw T, Mekgoe O, Rakgole P, Dungwa N, Maphosa T, Sanyane K, Preiser W, Cohen C, Suchard M.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Sep 8. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy758.  Read publication 

Cryptococcal Meningitis Diagnostics and Screening in the Era of Point-of-Care Laboratory Testing

Rajasingham R, Wake RM, Beyene T, Katende A, Letang E, Boulware DR.

J Clin Microbiol. 2018 Sep 26. pii: JCM.01238-18. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01238-18.  Read publication 

Development of broadly neutralizing antibodies in HIV1 infected elite neutralizers

Landais E, Moore PL.

Retrovirology. 2018 Sep 5;15(1):61. doi: 10.1186/s12977-018-0443-0.  Read publication 

Development, Evaluation, and Implementation of a Pan-African Cancer Research Network: Men of African Descent and Carcinoma of the Prostate

Andrews C, Fortier B et al. Dr Elvira Singh and Mr Wenlong Chen are co-authors.

J Glob Oncol. 2018 Sep;(4):1-14. doi: 10.1200/JGO.18.00063.  Read publication 

Effect of bedaquiline on mortality in South African patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis: a retrospective cohort study

Schnippel K, Ndjeka N Maartens G, Meintjes G, Master I, Ismail N, Hughes J, Ferreira H, Padanilam X, Romero R, Te Riele J, Conradie F.

Lancet Respir Med. 2018 Sep;6(9):699-706. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30235-2.  Read publication 

Effective Project Management of a Pan-African Cancer Research Network: Men of African Descent and Carcinoma of the Prostate (MADCaP)

Odiaka E, Lounsbury DW et al. Dr Elvira Singh and Mr Wenlong Chen are co-authors.

J Glob Oncol. 2018 Sep;(4):1-12. doi: 10.1200/JGO.18.00062.  Read publication 

Evaluating a 24-hour mobile reporting system for malaria notifications in comparison with a paper based system in South Africa, 2015

Baloyi RE, Shandukani MB, Graffy R, Misiani E, Mayet N, Mabunda E, Mabuza A, Qwabe B, Ngwenyama B, Reddy C, Moonasar D.

Malar J. 2018 Aug 23;17(1):308. doi: 10.1186/s12936-018-2451-x.  Read publication 

Hib combination vaccines: efficient and effective

Cohen C, von Gottberg A.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Jul;18(7):700-701. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30234-2.  Read publication 

High-frequency, functional HIV-specific T-follicular helper and regulatory cells are present within germinal centers in children but not adults

Roider J, Maehara T, Ngoepe A, Ramsuran D, Muenchhoff M, Adland E, Aicher T, Kazer SW, Jooste P, Karim F, Kuhn W, Shalek AK, Ndung’u T, Morris L, Moore PL, Pillai S, Kløverpris H, Goulder P, Leslie A.

Front Immunol. 2018 Sep 12;9:1975. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2018.01975.  Read publication 

HIV Superinfection drives de novo antibody responses and not neutralization breadth

Sheward DJ, Marais J, Bekker V, Murrell B, Eren K, Bhiman JN, Nonyane M, Garrett N, Woodman ZL, Abdool Karim Q, Abdool Karim SS, Morris L, Moore PL, Williamson C.

Cell Host Microbe. 2018 Sep 20. pii: S1931-3128(18)30485-2. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2018.09.001.  Read publication 

HIV-1 Subtype C-Infected children with exceptional neutralization breadth exhibit polyclonal responses targeting known epitopes

Ditse Z, Muenchhoff M, Adland E, Jooste P, Goulder P, Moore PL, Morris L.

J Virol. 2018 Aug 16;92(17). pii: e00878-18. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00878-18.  Read publication 

Housing gaps, mosquitoes and public viewpoints: a mixed methods assessment of relationships between house characteristics, malaria vector biting risk and community perspectives in rural Tanzania

Kaindoa EW, Finda M, Kiplagat J, Mkandawile GA, Nyoni A, Coetzee M. & Okumu FO.  Read publication 

Human bocavirus, coronavirus and polyomavirus detected among patients hospitalised with severe acute respiratory illness in South Africa, 2012-2013

Subramoney K, Hellferscee O, Pretorius M, Tempia S, McMorrow M, von Gottberg A, Wolter N, Variava E, Dawood H, Kahn K, Walaza S, Madhi SA, Cohen C, Venter M, Treurnicht F.

Health Sci Reports. 2018 Jul 18; e59. Read publication  

Human cases of Rift Valley Fever in South Africa, 2018

Jansen van Vuren P, Kgaladi J, Patharoo V, Ohaebosim P, Msimang V, Nyokong B, Paweska JT.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2018 Sep 5. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2018.2357.  Read publication 

Identification and sequence analysis of two novel cryptic plasmids isolated from the vaginal mucosa of South African women

Harris L, van Zyl LJ, Kirby-McCullough BM, Damelin LH, Tiemessen CT, Trindade M.

Plasmid. 2018 Sep 18;98:56-62. doi: 10.1016/j.plasmid.2018.09.008.  Read publication 

In vitro approaches for generation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutants resistant to bedaquiline, clofazimine or linezolid and identification of associated genetic variants

Ismail N, Omar SV, Ismail NA, Peters RPH.

J Microbiol Methods. 2018 Aug 28;153:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.mimet.2018.08.011.  Read publication 

Initiatives from the Federation of Infectious Diseases Societies of Southern Africa (FIDSSA) to tackle infectious diseases in South Africa and the region

Govender NP, Reubenson G.

South African Journal of Infectious Disease 2018;33(2):3-4.  Read publication 

Knowledge of HIV status and antiretroviral therapy use among sexually transmitted infections service attendees and the case for improving the integration of services in South Africa

Kufa T, Maseko VD, Nhlapo D, Radebe F, Puren A, Kularatne RS.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12575. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000012575.  Read publication 

Laboratory-based antimicrobial resistance surveillance for Pseudomonas aeruginosa blood isolates from South Africa

Singh-Moodley A, Duse A, Naicker P, Kularatne R, Nana T,  Lekalakala R, Mbelle N, Dawood H, Han KSS, Ramjathan P, Bhola P, Whitelaw A, Perovic O for GERMS-SA.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2018;  Aug2018, 12(8):616-624. doi:10.3855/jidc.9539.   Read publication 

Large outbreaks of fungal and bacterial bloodstream infections in a Neonatal Unit, South Africa, 2012–2016

van Schalkwyk E, Iyaloo S, Naicker SD, Maphanga TG, Mpembe RS, Zulu TG, Mhlanga M, Mahlangu S, Maloba MB, Ntlemo G, Sanyane K, Mawela D, Govender NP.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Jul;24(7):1204-1212. doi: 10.3201/eid2407.171087.  Read publication 

Leveraging the Road to Health booklet as a unique patient identifier to monitor the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme

Mazanderani AH, Sherman GG, Moyo F, Goga AE, Feucht U.

S Afr Med J. 2018 Aug 30;108(9):729-733. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i9.13093.  Read publication 

Liver cancer mortality trends in South Africa: 1999-2015

Mak D, Sengayi M, Chen WC, Babb de Villiers C, Singh E, Kramvis A.

BMC Cancer. 2018 Aug 7;18(1):798. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4695-9.  Read publication 

Longitudinal characterization of nasopharyngeal colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae in a South African birth cohort post 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation

Dube FS, Ramjith J, Gardner-Lubbe S, Nduru P, Robberts FJL, Wolter N, Zar HJ, Nicol MP.

Sci Rep. 2018 Aug 21;8(1):12497. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-30345-5.  Read publication 

Optimization of Mass-Rearing Methods for Anopheles arabiensis larval stages: Effects of rearing water temperature and larval density on mosquito Life-History Traits

Mamai W, Lobb LN, Somda NSB, Maiga H, Yamada H, Lees RS, Bouyer J & Gilles JR.

J Econ Entomol. 2018 Sep 26;111(5):2383-2390. doi: 10.1093/jee/toy213.  Read publication 

Performance of verbal autopsy methods in estimating HIV-associated mortality among adults in South Africa

Karat AS, Maraba N, Tlali M, Charalambous S, Chihota VN, Churchyard GJ, Fielding KL, Hanifa Y, Johnson S, McCarthy KM, Kahn K, Chandramohan D, Grant AD.

BMJ Glob Health. 2018 Jul 3; 3(4): e000833. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000833.  Read publication 

Point of care cryptococcal antigen screening: pipetting finger-prick blood improves performance of immuno-mycologics lateral flow assay

Wake RM, Jarvis JN, Harrison TS, Govender NP.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Aug 15;78(5):574-578. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001721.  Read publication 

Population-level HIV incidence estimates using a combination of synthetic cohort and recency biomarker approaches in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Grebe E, Welte A, Johnson LF, van Cutsem G, Puren A, Ellman T, Etard JF; Consortium for the Evaluation and Performance of HIV Incidence Assays (CEPHIA), Huerga H.

PLoS One. 2018 Sep 13;13(9):e0203638. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203638.  Read publication 

Predictors of male condom use among sexually active heterosexual young women in South Africa, 2012

Ntshiqa T, Musekiwa A, Mlotshwa M, Mangold K, Reddy C, Williams S.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Sep 24;18(1):1137. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-6039-8.  Read publication 

Prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa – Authors’ reply

Ismail NA, Omar S, Mvusi L,  Madhi SA.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Aug;18(8):836-837. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30422-5.  Read publication 

Replacement of neuraminidase inhibitor susceptible influenza A(H1N1) with resistant phenotype in 2008 and circulation of susceptible influenza A and B viruses during 2009-2013, South Africa

Treurnicht FK, Buys A, Tempia S, Seleka M, Cohen AL, Walaza S, Glass AJ, Rossouw I, McAnerney J, Blumberg L, Cohen C, Venter M.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2018 Sep 14. doi: 10.1111/irv.12611.  Read publication 

Responses to hypothetical health scenarios overestimate healthcare utilization for common infectious syndromes: a cross-sectional survey, South Africa, 2012

Wong KK, Cohen AL, Martinson NA, Norris SA, Tempia S, von Mollendorf C, Walaza S, Madhi SA, McMorrow ML, Cohen C.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 25;18(1):344. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3252-0.  Read publication 

Risk factors for mortality among adults registered on the routine drug resistant tuberculosis reporting database in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, 2011 to 2013

Chingonzoh R, Manesen MR, Mncedisi J. Madlavu N, Sopiseka N, Nokwe M, Emwerem M, Musekiwa A, Kuonza LR.

PLoS One. 2018 Aug 22;13(8):e0202469. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202469.  Read publication 

Select gp120 V2 domain specific antibodies derived from HIV and SIV infection and vaccination inhibit gp120 binding to α4β7

Lertjuthaporn S, Cicala C, Van Ryk D, Liu M, Yolitz J, Wei D, Nawaz F, Doyle A, Horowitch B, Park C, Lu S, Lou Y, Wang S, Pan R, Jiang X, Villinger F, Byrareddy SN, Santangelo PJ, Morris L, Wibmer CK, Biris K, Mason RD, Gorman J, Hiatt J, Martinelli E, Roederer M, Fujikawa D, Gorini G, Franchini G, Arakelyan A, Ansari AA, Pattanapanyasat K, Kong XP, Fauci AS, Arthos J.

PLoS Pathog. 2018 Aug 28;14(8):e1007278. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007278.   Read publication 

Systematic review and meta-analysis of postexposure prophylaxis for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus among Healthcare Workers

Ergönül Ö, Keske Ş, Çeldir MG, Kara İA, Pshenichnaya N, Abuova G, Blumberg L, Gönen M.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Sep; 24(9): 1642-1648. doi: 10.3201/eid2409.171709.  Read publication 

The burden of typhoid fever in South Africa: The potential impact of selected interventions

Keddy KH, Smith AM, Sooka A, Tau NP, Ngomane HMP, Radhakrishnan A, Als D, Benson FG.

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 Sep;99(3_Suppl):55-63. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0182.   Read publication 

The effect of commercial herbicide exposure on the life history and insecticide resistance phenotypes of the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: culicidae)

Oliver SV, Brooke BD.

Acta Trop. 2018 Dec;188:152-160. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2018.08.030. Epub 2018 Sep 1.  Read publication 

Trends in Neisseria gonorrhoeae Antimicrobial Resistance over a Ten-Year Surveillance Period, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2008–2017

Kularatne R, Maseko V, Gumede L, Kufa T.

Antibiotics (Basel). 2018 Jul 12;7(3). pii: E58. doi: 10.3390/antibiotics7030058.  Read publication 

Using mHealth to improve tuberculosis case identification and treatment initiation in South Africa: Results from a pilot study

Maraba N, Hoffmann CJ, Chihota VN, Chang LW, Ismail N, Candy S, Madibogo E, Katzwinkel M, Churchyard GJ, McCarthy K.

PLoS One. 2018 Jul 3;13(7):e0199687. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199687.  Read publication 

Validating a 14-drug microtiter plate containing Bedaquiline and Delamanid for large-scale research susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Rancoita PMV, Cugnata F, Gibertoni Cruz AL, Borroni E, Hoosdally SJ, Walker TM, Grazian C, Davies TJ, Peto TEA, Crook DW, Fowler PW, Cirillo DM; CRyPTIC Consortiumfor the CRyPTIC Consortiumfor the CRyPTIC Consortium.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2018 Aug 27;62(9). pii: e00344-18. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00344-18.   Read publication 

XDR tuberculosis in South Africa: genomic evidence supporting transmission in communities

Auld SC, Sarita Shah N, Mathema B, Brown TS, Ismail N, Omar SV, Brust JCM, Nelson KN, Allana S, Campbell A, Mlisana K, Moodley P, Gandhi NR.

Eur Respir J. 2018 Aug 16. pii: 1800246. doi: 10.1183/13993003.00246-2018.  Read publication 

The European Virus Archive goes global: A growing resource for research

Romette JL, Prat CM, Gould EA, de Lamballerie X, Charrel R, Coutard B, Fooks AR, Bardsley M, Carroll M, Drosten C, Drexler JF, Günther S, Klempa B, Pinschewer D, Klimkait T, Avsic-Zupanc T, Capobianchi MR, Dicaro A, Ippolito G, Nitsche A, Koopmans M, Reusken C, Gorbalenya A, Raoul H, Bourhy H, Mettenleiter T, Reiche S, Batten C, Sabeta C, Paweska JT, Eropkin M, Zverev V, Hu Z, Mac Cullough S, Mirazimi A, Pradel F, Lieutaud P.

Antiviral Res. 2018 Oct;158:127-134. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2018.07.017.  Read publication 

The demographic and clinical profiles of women presenting with vaginal discharge syndrome to primary healthcare facilities in South Africa: associations with age and implications for management

Kufa T, Gumede L, Maseko V, Radebe F, Kularatne R.

S Afr Med J Oct 2018;108(10):876-880. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i10.13027.  Read publication 

Use of quantitative molecular diagnostic methods to assess the aetiology, burden, and clinical characteristics of diarrhoea in children in low-resource settings: a reanalysis of the MAL-ED cohort study

Platts-Mills JA, Liu J, Rogawski ET, Kabir F, Lertsethtakarn P, Siguas M, Khan SS, Praharaj I, Murei A, Nshama R, Mujaga B, Havt A, Maciel IA, McMurry TL, Operario DJ, Taniuchi M, Gratz J, Stroup SE, Roberts JH, Kalam A, Aziz F, Qureshi S, Islam MO, Sakpaisal P, Silapong S, Yori PP, Rajendiran R, Benny B, McGrath M, McCormick BJJ, Seidman JC, Lang D, Gottlieb M, Guerrant RL, Lima AAM, Leite JP, Samie A, Bessong PO, Page N, Bodhidatta L, Mason C, Shrestha S, Kiwelu I, Mduma ER, Iqbal NT, Bhutta ZA, Ahmed T, Haque R, Kang G, Kosek MN, Houpt ER; MAL-ED Network Investigators.

Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Oct 1. pii: S2214-109X(18)30349-8. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30349-8.  Read publication 

Use of quantitative molecular diagnostic methods to investigate the effect of enteropathogen infections on linear growth in children in low-resource settings: longitudinal analysis of results from the MAL-ED cohort study

Rogawski ET, Liu J, Platts-Mills JA, Kabir F, Lertsethtakarn P, Siguas M, Khan SS, Praharaj I, Murei A, Nshama R, Mujaga B, Havt A, Maciel IA, Operario DJ, Taniuchi M, Gratz J, Stroup SE, Roberts JH, Kalam A, Aziz F, Qureshi S, Islam MO, Sakpaisal P, Silapong S, Yori PP, Rajendiran R, Benny B, McGrath M, Seidman JC, Lang D, Gottlieb M, Guerrant RL, Lima AAM, Leite JP, Samie A, Bessong PO, Page N, Bodhidatta L, Mason C, Shrestha S, Kiwelu I, Mduma ER, Iqbal NT, Bhutta ZA, Ahmed T, Haque R, Kang G, Kosek MN, Houpt ER; MAL-ED Network Investigators.

Lancet Glob Health. 2018 Oct 1. pii: S2214-109X(18)30351-6. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30351-6.  Read publication 

Identity and validity of conserved B cell epitopes of filovirus glycoprotein: towards rapid diagnostic testing for Ebola and possibly Marburg virus disease

Babirye P, Musubika C,  Kirimunda S,  Downing R,  Lutwama JJ, Mbidde EK, Weyer J, Paweska JT,  Joloba ML, Wayengera M.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Oct 3;18(1):498. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3409-x.  Read publication 

Global Guidelines and Initiatives from the European Confederation of Medical Mycology to improve Patient Care and Research Worldwide: New Leadership is about Working Together

Hoenigl M,  Gangneux JP, Segal E, Alanio A, Chakrabarti A, Chen SCA, Govender NP, Hagen F, Klimko N, Meis JF, Pasqualotto AC, Seidel D, Walsh TJ, Lagrou K, Lass-Flörl C, Cornely OA for the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM).

Mycoses. 2018 Nov;61(11):885-894. doi: 10.1111/myc.12836.  Read publication 

Community-based HIV prevalence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: results of a cross-sectional household survey

Kharsany ABM, Cawood C, Khanyile D, Lewis L, Grobler A, Puren A, Govender K, George G, Beckett S, Samsunder N, Madurai S, Toledo C, Chipeta Z, Glenshaw M, Hersey S, Abdool Karim Q.

Lancet HIV. 2018 Aug;5(8):e427-e437. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30104-8.  Read publication 

Prediction of susceptibility to first-line tuberculosis drugs by DNA sequencing

Allix‑Béguec C, Arandjelovic I, Bi L, Beckert P, Bonnet M, Bradley P, Cabibbe AM, Cancino‑Muñoz I, Caulfield MJ, Chaiprasert A, Cirillo DM, Clifton DA, Comas I, Crook DW, De Filippo MR, De Neeling H, Diel R, Drobniewski FA, Faksri K, Farhat MR, Fleming J, Fowler P, Fowler TA, Gao Q, Gardy J, Gascoyne‑Binzi D, Gibertoni‑Cruz A, Gil‑Brusola A, Golubchik T, Gonzalo X, Grandjean L, He G, Guthrie JL, Hoosdally S, Hunt M, Iqbal Z, Ismail N, Johnston J, Khanzada FM, Khor CC, Kohl TA, Kong C, Lipworth S, Liu Q, Maphalala G, Martinez E, Mathys V, Merker M, Miotto P, Mistry N, Moore DAJ, Murray M, Niemann S, Ong RT, Peto TEA, Posey JE, Prammananan T, Pym A, Rodrigues C, Rodrigues M, Rodwell T, Rossolini GM, Padilla ES, Schito M, Shen X, Shendure J, Sintchenko V, Sloutsky A, Smith EG, Snyder M, Soetaert K, Starks AM, Supply P, Suriyapol P, Tahseen S, Tang P, Teo Y, Thuong NT, Thwaites G, Tortoli E, Omar SV, van Soolingen D, Walker AS, Walker TM, Wilcox M, Wilson DJ, Wyllie D, Yang Y, Zhang H, Zhao Y, Zhu B.

N Engl J Med. 2018 Oct 11;379(15):1403-1415. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1800474.  Read publication 

Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in the South African private sector report for 2016

Perovic O, Ismail H, van Schalkwyk E, Lowman W, Prentice E, Senekal M & Govind CN.

S Afr J Infect Dis. DOI:10.1080/23120053.2018.1482646.  Read publication 

Inoculation protocol for the African malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis, by means of nano-injection

Letinic BD, Kemp A, Christian RN, Koekemoer LL.

African Entomology 26(2): 422-428. (doi: 10.4001/003.026.0422).  Read publication 

Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis started during or after travel: A GeoSentinel analysis

Gautret P, Angelo KM, Asgeirsson H, Lalloo DG, Shaw M, Schwartz E, Libman M, Kain KC, Piyaphanee W, Murphy H, Leder K, Vincelette J, Jensenius M, Waggoner J, Leung D, Borwein S, Blumberg L, Schlagenhauf P, Barnett ED, Hamer DH; GeoSentinel Global Surveillance Network.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018 Nov 13;12(11):e0006951. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006951.  Read publication ​

A clinical scoring system to prioritise investigation for tuberculosis among adults attending HIV clinics in South Africa

Hanifa Y, Fielding KL, Chihota VN, Adonis L, Charalambous S, Foster N, Karstaedt A, McCarthy K, Nicol MP, Ndlovu NT, Sinanovic E, Sahid F, Stevens W, Vassall A, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2017 Aug 3;12(8):e0181519. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181519.  Read publication 

A combination of baseline plasma immune markers can predict therapeutic response in multidrug resistant tuberculosis

Ferrian S, Manca C, Lubbe S, Conradie F, Ismail N, Kaplan G, Gray CM, Fallows D.

PLoS One 05/2017; 12(5)., DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176660.  Read publication 

A comparative evaluation of PDQ-Evidence

Johansen M, Rada G, Rosenbaum S, Paulsen E, Motaze NV, Opiyo N, Wiysonge CS, Ding Y, Mukinda FK, Oxman AD.

Health Res Policy Syst. 2018 Mar 15;16(1):27. doi: 10.1186/s12961-018-0299-8.  Read publication 

A geo-coded inventory of anophelines in the Afrotropical Region south of the Sahara: 1898-2016

Kyalo D, Amratia P, Mundia CW, Mbogo CM, Coetzee M, Snow RW.

Wellcome Open Res. 2017 Jul 26;2:57. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.12187.1.  Read publication 

A new malaria vector mosquito in South Africa

Burke A, Dandalo L, Munhenga G, Dahan-Moss Y, Mbokazi F, Ngxongo S, Coetzee M, Koekemoer L, Brooke B.

Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 6;7:43779. doi: 10.1038/srep43779.  Read publication 

A novel highly sensitive, rapid and safe Rift Valley fever virus neutralization test

Wichgers Schreur PJ, Paweska JT, Kant J, Kortekaas J.

J Virol Methods. 2017 Oct;248:26-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2017.06.001.  Read publication 

A phytosociological analysis and description of wetland vegetation and ecological factors associated with locations of high mortality for the 2010-11 Rift Valley fever outbreak in South Africa

Brand RF, Rostal MK, Kemp A, Anyamba A, Zwiegers H, Van Huyssteen CW, Karesh WB, Paweska JT.

PLoS One. 2018 Feb 20;13(2):e0191585. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191585.  Read publication 

A situational analysis of current antimicrobial governance, regulation and utilisation in South Africa

Schellack N, Benjamin D, Brink A, Duse A, Faure K, Goff D, Mendelson M, Meyer J, Miot J, Perovic O, Pople T, Suleman F, van Vuuren M, Essack S.

Int J Infect Dis. 2017 Nov;64:100-106. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2017.09.002.  Read publication 

A small proportion of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia, compared to healthcare-associated cases, in two South African provinces

Perovic O, Singh-Moodley A, Govender NP, Kularatne R, Whitelaw A, Chibabhai V, Naicker P, Mbelle N, Lekalakala R, Quan V, Samuel C, Van Schalkwyk E; for GERMS-SA.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017 Dec;36(12):2519-2532. doi: 10.1007/s10096-017-3096-3. Read publication 

A Survey on West Nile and Usutu Viruses in Horses and Birds in Poland

Bażanów B, Jansen van Vuren P, Szymański P, Stygar D, Frącka A, Twardoń J, Kozdrowski R, Pawęska JT.

Viruses. 2018 Feb 17;10(2). pii: E87. doi: 10.3390/v10020087. Read publication 

Adolescent Access to Care and Risk of Early Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission

Ramraj T, Jackson D, Dinh TH, Olorunju S, Lombard C, Sherman G, Puren A, Ramokolo V, Noveve N, Singh Y, Magasana V, Bhardwaj S, Cheyip M, Mogashoa M, Pillay Y, Goga AE.

J Adolesc Health. 2018 Apr;62(4):434-443. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.10.007.  Read publication 

Advances in measuring influenza burden of disease

Lee VJ, Ho ZJM, Goh EH, Campbell H, Cohen C, Cozza V, Fitzner J, Jara J, Krishnan A, Bresee J; WHO Working Group on Influenza Burden of Disease.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2018 Jan;12(1):3-9. doi: 10.1111/irv.12533.  Read publication 

AIDS-Related Endemic Mycoses in Western Cape, South Africa, and Clinical Mimics: A Cross-Sectional Study of Adults With Advanced HIV and Recent-Onset, Widespread Skin Lesions

Schwartz IS, Kenyon C, Lehloenya R, Claasens S, Spengane Z5, Prozesky H8, Burton R, Parker A, Wasserman S, Meintjes G, Mendelson M, Taljaard J, Schneider JW, Beylis N, Maloba B, Govender NP, Colebunders R, Dlamini S.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017 Aug 25;4(4):ofx186. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofx186.  Read publication 

An isolated outbreak of diphtheria in South Africa, 2015

Mahomed S, Archary M, Mutevedzi P, Mahabeer Y, Govender P, Ntshoe G, Kuhn W, Thomas J, Olowolagba A, Blumberg L, McCarthy K, Mlisana K, DU Plessis M, Von Gottberg A, Moodley P.

Epidemiol Infect. 2017 Jul;145(10):2100-2108. doi: 10.1017/S0950268817000851.  Read publication 

Antibody responses to Marburg Virus in Egyptian Rousette Bats and their role in protection against infection

Storm N, Jansen Van Vuren P, Markotter W, Paweska JT.

Viruses. 2018 Feb 10;10(2). pii: E73. doi: 10.3390/v10020073.  Read publication 

Attempted molecular detection of the thermally dimorphic human fungal pathogen Emergomyces africanus in terrestrial small mammals in South Africa

Cronjé N, Schwartz IS, Retief L, Bastos ADS, Matthee S, Preiser W, Bennett NC, Maphanga T, Govender NP, Colebunders R, Kenyon C.

Med Mycol. 2018 Jun 1;56(4):510-513. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myx065.  Read publication 

Attributable Fraction of Influenza Virus Detection to Mild and Severe Respiratory Illnesses in HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Patients, South Africa, 2012–2016

Tempia S, Walaza S, Moyes J, Cohen AL, von Mollendorf C, McMorrow ML, Treurnicht FK, Venter M, Pretorius M, Hellferscee O, Wolter N, von Gottberg A, Nguweneza A, McAnerney JM, Dawood H, Variava E, Madhi SA, Cohen C.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2017 Jul;23(7):1124-1132. doi: 10.3201/eid2307.161959.  Read publication 

Benchmarking insecticide resistance intensity bioassays for Anopheles malaria vector species against resistance phenotypes of known epidemiological significance

Venter N, Oliver SV, Muleba M3, Davies C, Hunt RH, Koekemoer LL, Coetzee M, Brooke BD.

Parasit Vectors. 2017 Apr 20;10(1):198. doi: 10.1186/s13071-017-2134-4.  Read publication 

Benefits of a one health approach: An example using Rift Valley fever

Rostal MK, Ross N, Machalaba C, Cordel C, Paweska JT, Karesh WB.

One Health. 2018 Jan 11;5:34-36. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2018.01.001.  Read publication 

Broadly neutralizing antibodies as treatment: Effects on Virus and Immune System

Bhiman JN, Lynch RM.

Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2017 Apr;14(2):54-62. doi: 10.1007/s11904-017-0352-1.  Read publication 

Broadly neutralizing antibodies targeting the HIV-1 envelope V2 apex confer protection against a clade C SHIV challenge

Julg B, Tartaglia LJ, Keele BF, Wagh K, Pegu A, Sok D, Abbink P, Schmidt SD, Wang K, Chen X, Joyce MG, Georgiev IS, Choe M, Kwong PD, Doria-Rose NA, Le K, Louder MK, Bailer RT, Moore PL, Korber B, Seaman MS, Abdool Karim SS, Morris L, Koup RA, Mascola JR, Burton DR, Barouch DH2.

Sci Transl Med. 2017 Sep 6;9(406). pii: eaal1321. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aal1321.  Read publication 

Case report: mechanisms of HIV elite control in two African women

Moosa Y, Tanko RF, Ramsuran V, Singh R, Madzivhandila M, Yende-Zuma N, Abrahams MR, Selhorst P, Gounder K, Moore PL, Williamson C, Abdool Karim SS, Garrett NJ, Burgers WA.

BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Jan 25;18(1):54. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-2961-8.  Read publication 

Case-control vaccine effectiveness studies: Preparation, design, and enrollment of cases and controls

Verani JR, Baqui AH, Broome CV, Cherian T, Cohen C, Farrar JL, Feikin DR, Groome MJ, Hajjeh RA, Johnson HL, Madhi SA, Mulholland K, O’Brien KL, Parashar UD, Patel MM, Rodrigues LC, Santosham M, Scott JA, Smith PG, Sommerfelt H, Tate JE, Victor JC, Whitney CG, Zaidi AK, Zell ER.

Vaccine. 2017 Jun 5;35(25):3295-3302. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.04.037.  Read publication 

CCR5 expression, haplotype and immune activation in protection from infection in HIV-exposed uninfected individuals in HIV serodiscordant relationships 

Jaumdally SZ, Picton A, Tiemessen CT, Paximadis M, Jaspan HB, Gamieldien H, Masson L, Coetzee D, Williamson A-L, Little F, Gumbi PP, and Passmore JS.

Immunology. 2017 Aug;151(4):464-473. doi: 10.1111/imm.12743.  Read publication 

Cervical cancer risk and impact of Pap-based screening in HIV-positive women on antiretroviral therapy in Johannesburg, South Africa

Rohner E, Sengayi M, Goeieman B, Michelow P, Firnhaber C, Maskew M, Bohlius J.

Int J Cancer. 2017 Aug 1;141(3):488-496. doi: 10.1002/ijc.30749.  Read publication 

Circulating microRNA’s as a diagnostic tool for hepatocellular carcinoma in a hyper endemic HIV setting, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a case control study protocol focusing on viral etiology

Sartorius K, Sartorius B, Kramvis A, Singh E, Turchinovich A, Burwinkel B, Madiba T, Winkler CA.

BMC Cancer. 2017 Dec 28;17(1):894. doi: 10.1186/s12885-017-3915-z.  Read publication 

Closing the gaps to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in South Africa: Understanding MTCT case rates, factors that hinder the monitoring and attainment of targets, and potential game changers

Goga A , Chirinda W, Ngandu K, Ngoma K, Bhardwaj S, Feucht U, Davies N, Ntloana M, Mhlongo O, Silere-Maqetseba T, Moyo F, Sherman G.

S Afr Med J 2018;108(3 Suppl 1):S17-S24. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i3.12817.  Read publication 

Comparing laboratory surveillance with the notifiable diseases surveillance system in South Africa

Benson FG, Musekiwa A, Blumberg L, Rispel LC.

Int J Infect Dis. 2017 Jun;59:141-147. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2017.03.007.  Read publication 

Comparison of Kaposi Sarcoma Risk in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Adults Across 5 Continents: A Multiregional Multicohort Study

AIDS-defining Cancer Project Working Group for IeDEA and COHERE in EuroCoord.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Oct 15;65(8):1316-1326. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix480.  Read publication 

Comparison of quantitative real-time PCR and direct immunofluorescence for the detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii

Moodley B, Tempia S, Frean JA.

PLoS One. 2017 Jul 6;12(7):e0180589. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180589.  Read publication 

Comprehensive global genome dynamics of Chlamydia trachomatis show ancient diversification followed by contemporary mixing and recent lineage expansion

Hadfield J, Harris SR, Seth-Smith HMB, Parmar S, Andersson P, Giffard PM, Schachter J, Moncada J, Ellison L, Vaulet MLG, Fermepin MR, Radebe F, Mendoza S, Ouburg S, Morré SA, Sachse K, Puolakkainen M, Korhonen SJ, Sonnex C, Wiggins R, Jalal H, Brunelli T, Casprini P, Pitt R, Ison C, Savicheva A, Shipitsyna E, Hadad R, Kari L, Burton MJ., Mabey D, Solomon AW., Lewis D, Marsh P, Unemo M, Clarke IN., Parkhill J, and Thomson NR. 

Genome Res. 2017 Jul;27(7):1220-1229. doi: 10.1101/gr.212647.116.  Read publication 

Converging epidemics of sexually transmitted infections and bacterial vaginosis in southern African female adolescents at risk of HIV

Barnabas SL, Dabee S, Passmore JS, Jaspan HB, Lewis DA, Jaumdally SZ, Gamieldien H, Masson L, Muller E, Maseko VD, Mkhize N, Mbulawa Z, Williamson AL, Gray CM, Hope TJ, Chiodi F, Dietrich J, Gray G, Bekker LG; Women’s Initiative in Sexual Health (WISH) study team.

Int J STD AIDS. 2018 May;29(6):531-539. doi: 10.1177/0956462417740487.  Read publication 

Congenital Rubella Syndrome Surveillance in South Africa Using a Sentinel Site Approach: A Cross-sectional Study

Motaze NV, Manamela J, Smit S, Rabie H, Harper K, duPlessis N, Reubenson G,  Coetzee M, Ballot D, Moore D, Nuttall J, Linley L, Tooke L, Kriel J, Hallbauer U, Sutton C, Moodley P, Hardie D, Haeri Mazanderani A, Goosen F, Kyaw T, Leroux D, Hussain A, Singh R, Kelly C, Ducasse G, Muller M, Blaauw M, Hamese M, Leeuw T, Mekgoe O, Rakgole P, Dungwa N, Maphosa T, Sanyane K, Preiser W, Cohen C, Suchard M.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Sep 8. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy758. [Epub ahead of print].

Cooperation between Strain-Specific and Broadly Neutralizing Responses Limited Viral Escape and Prolonged the Exposure of the Broadly Neutralizing Epitope

Anthony C, York T, Bekker V, Matten D, Selhorst P, Ferreria RC, Garrett NJ, Karim SSA, Morris L, Wood NT, Moore PL, Williamson C.

J Virol. 2017 Aug 24;91(18). pii: e00828-17. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00828-17. Print 2017 Sep 15. Erratum in: J Virol. 2018 Apr 13;92 (9).  Read publication 

Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF for tuberculosis diagnosis in South Africa: a real-world cost analysis and economic evaluation

Vassall A, Siapka M, Foster N, Cunnama L, Ramma L, Fielding K, McCarthy K, Churchyard G, Grant A, Sinanovic E.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Jul;5(7):e710-e719. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30205-X. Read publication 

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever presenting with undiagnosed chronic myeloid leukaemia

Coetzee MJ, Blumberg LH, Paweska JT, Leman P, Swanepoel R, De Kock A.

Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 2017; 1(1):1–3. https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2017.134549. Read publication 

Cryptococcal meningitis: A neglected NTD?

Molloy SF, Chiller T, Greene GS, Burry J, Govender NP, Kanyama C, Mfinanga S, Lesikari S, Mapoure YN, Kouanfack C, Sini V, Temfack E, Boulware DR, Dromer F, Denning DW, Day J, Stone NRH, Bicanic T, Jarvis JN, Lortholary O, Harrison TS, Jaffar S, Loyse A.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Jun 29;11(6):e0005575. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005575.  Read publication 

CXCR6 gene characterization in two ethnically distinct South African populations and association with viraemic disease control in HIV-1-infected black South African individuals

Picton ACP, Paximadis M, Chaisson RE, Martinson NA, Tiemessen CT.

Clin Immunol. 2017 Jul;180:69-79. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2017.04.006.  Read publication 

Declining Baseline Viremia and Escalating Discordant HIV-1 Confirmatory Results Within South Africa’s Early Infant Diagnosis Program, 2010–2016

Mazanderani AH, Moyo F, Kufa T, Sherman GG.

Clin Immunol. 2017 Jul;180:69-79. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2017.04.006.  Read publication 

Defining Bedaquiline Susceptibility, Resistance, Cross-Resistance and Associated Genetic Determinants: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Ismail NA, Omar SV, Joseph L, Govender N, Blows L, Ismail F, Koornhof H, Dreyer AW, Kaniga K, Ndjeka N.

EBioMedicine. 2018 Feb;28:136-142. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.01.005.  Read publication  

Designer proteins: the new generation of HIV vaccines being put to the test

Moore P, Morris L.

The Conversation.  November 30, 2017. https://theconversation.com/designer-proteins-the-new-generation-of-hivRead publication 

Despite access to antiretrovirals for prevention and treatment high rates of mortality persist among HIV-infected infants and young children

Abrams EJ, Woldesenbet S, Soares Silva J, Coovadia A, Black V, Technau KG, Kuhn L.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 Jun;36(6):595-601. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001507.  Read publication 

Detection of Campylobacter species in stool specimens from patients with symptoms of acute flaccid paralysis in South Africa

Thobela MD, Smith AM, Moonsamy S, du Plessis H, Govender N, Keddy KH.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2018; 12: 542-549.

Detection of neonatal unit clusters of Candida parapsilosis fungaemia by microsatellite genotyping: Results from laboratory-based sentinel surveillance, South Africa, 2009-2010

Magobo RE, Naicker SD, Wadula J, Nchabeleng M, Coovadia Y, Hoosen A, Lockhart SR7, Govender NP; TRAC-South Africa group.

Mycoses. 2017 May;60(5):320-327. doi: 10.1111/myc.12596.  Read publication 

Determinants of late antenatal care presentation in rural and peri-urban communities in South Africa: A cross-sectional study

Ebonwu J, Mumbauer A, Uys M, Wainberg ML, Medina-Marino A.

PLoS One. 2018 Mar 8;13(3):e0191903. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191903.  Read publication 

Development and evaluation of a multiple-locus variablenumber tandem-repeats analysis assay for subtyping Salmonella Typhi strains from sub-Saharan Africa

Tau NP, Smith AM, Wain JR, Tarupiwa A, Coulibaly KJ, Keddy KH, Germs-Sa.

J Med Microbiol. 2017 Jul;66(7):937-945. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.000526.  Read publication 

Development of a genetic sexing strain of Anopheles arabiensis for KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Dandalo LC, Munhenga G, Kaiser ML, Koekemoer LL.

Med Vet Entomol. 2018 Mar;32(1):61-69. doi: 10.1111/mve.12264.  Read publication 

Development of a real-time PCR assay and comparison to CHROMagarTM STEC to screen for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in stool, Cape Town, South Africa 

Kalule BJ, Keddy KH, Smith AM, Nicol MP, Robberts L.

Afr J Lab Med. 2017 Dec 14;6(1):609. doi: 10.4102/ajlm.v6i1.609. eCollection 2017.  Read publication 

Diagnostic Assay Development for Poliovirus Eradication

Gerloff N, Sun H, Mandelbaum M, Maher C, Nix WA, Zaidi S, Shaukat S, Seakamela L, Nalavade UP, Sharma DK, Oberste MS, Vega E.

J Clin Microbiol. 2018 Jan 24;56(2). pii: e01624-17. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01624-17.  Read publication 

Distribution and diversity of mosquitoes and the role of Aedes in the transmission of arboviruses in selected districts of Tanzania

Bisimwa N Patrick, Edson Kinimi, Mariana J Shayo, Samuel O Angwenyi, Jacqueline Weyer, Petrus Jansen van Vuren, Janusz T Paweska, Leonard EG Mboera, Mark M Rweyemamu, Gerald Misinzo and Christopher J Kasanga.

International Journal of Mosquito Research 2018; 5(1): 53-60.  Read publication 

Does mosquito massrearing produce an inferior mosquito?

Soma DD, Maïga H, Mamai W, Bimbile-Somda NS, Venter N, Ali AB, Yamada H, Diabaté A, Fournet F, Ouédraogo GA, Lees RS, Dabiré RK, Gilles JRL.

Malar J. 2017 Sep 7;16(1):357. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-2012-8.  Read publication 

Draft Genome Sequence of a Multidrug-Resistant Serratia marcescens Strain, Isolated from a Patient with Peritoneal Cancer in South Africa

Singh-Moodley A, Perovic O, Mtshali S, Ismail A, Allam M.

Genome Announc. 2017 Jun 29;5(26). pii: e00580-17. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00580-17.  Read publication 

Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium peregrinum Isolated from an HIV-Positive Patient in South Africa

Omar SV, Allam M, Joseph L, Mtshali S, Ismail NA, Ismail A.

Genome Announce. 2017;5(31):e00759-17. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00759-17.  Read publication 

Emergence of Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses during Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak, Guinea, 2014–2015

Fernandez-Garcia MD, Majumdar M, Kebe O, Fall AD, Kone M, Kande M, Dabo M, Sylla MS, Sompare D, Howard W, Faye O, Martin J, Ndiaye K.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Jan;24(1):65-74. doi: 10.3201/eid2401.  Read publication 

Emergomyces africanus in Soil, South Africa

Schwartz IS, Lerm B, Hoving JC, Kenyon C, Horsnell WG, Basson WJ, Otieno-Odhiambo P, Govender NP, Colebunders R, Botha A.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2018 Jan;24(1):65-74. doi: 10.3201/eid2401.  Read publication 

Emergomyces: a new genus of Dimorphic Fungal Pathogens causing disseminated disease among immunocompromised persons globally

Schwartz IS, Maphanga TG, Govender NP.

Current Fungal Infection Reports.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12281-018-0308-y.  Published online:  10 February 2018. Read publication 

Empiric tuberculosis treatment in South African primary health care facilities – for whom, where, when and why: Implications for the development of tuberculosis diagnostic tests

McCarthy K, Fielding K, Churchyard GJ, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2018 Jan 24;13(1):e0191608. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191608.  Read publication 

Ending the Global Tuberculosis Epidemic by 2030 – The Moscow Declaration and achieving a Major Translational Change in Delivery of TB Healthcare

Petersen E, Blumberg L, Wilson ME, Zumla A.

Int J Infect Dis. 2017 Dec;65:156-158. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2017.11.029.  Read publication 

Enterovirus D68 and other enterovirus serotypes identified in South African patients with severe acute respiratory illness, 2009-2011

Hellferscee O, Treurnicht FK, Tempia S, Variava E, Dawood H, Kahn K, Cohen AL, Pretorius M, Cohen C, Madhi SA, Venter M.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2017 May;11(3):211-219. doi: 10.1111/irv.12444.  Read publication 

Enterovirus genotypes among patients with severe acute respiratory illness, influenza-like illness, and asymptomatic individuals in South Africa, 2012-2014

Hellferscee O, Tempia S, Walaza S, Variava E, Dawood H, Wolter N, Madhi SA, du Plessis M, Cohen C, Treurnicht FK.

J Med Virol. 2017 Oct;89(10):1759-1767. doi: 10.1002/jmv.24869.  Read publication 

Epidemiology and molecular identification and characterization of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, South Africa, 2012-2015

Carrim M, Wolter N, Benitez AJ, Tempia S, du Plessis M, Walaza S, Moosa F, Diaz MH, Wolff BJ, Treurnicht FK, Hellferscee O, Dawood H, Variava E, Cohen C, Winchell JM, von Gottberg A.

Emerg Infect Dis 2018; 24(3): 506-513. doi: 10.3201/eid2403.162052.  Read publication 

Epidemiology of influenza B/Yamagata and B/Victoria lineages in South Africa, 2005-2014

Seleka M, Treurnicht FK, Tempia S, Hellferscee O, Mtshali S, Cohen AL, Buys A, McAnerney JM, Besselaar TG, Pretorius M, von Gottberg A, Walaza S, Cohen C, Madhi SA, Venter M.

PLoS One. 2017 May 25;12(5):e0177655. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177655.  Read publication 

Estimated severe pneumococcal disease cases and deaths before and after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction in children younger than 5 years of age in South Africa

von Mollendorf C, Tempia S, von Gottberg A, Meiring S, Quan V, Feldman C, Cloete J, Madhi SA, O’Brien KL, Klugman KP, Whitney CG, Cohen C.

PLoS One. 2017 Jul 3;12(7):e0179905. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179905.  Read publication 

Estimates of global seasonal influenza-associated respiratory mortality: a modelling study

Iuliano AD, Roguski KM, Chang HH, Muscatello DJ, Palekar R, Tempia S, Cohen C, Gran JM, Schanzer D, Cowling BJ, Wu P, Kyncl J, Ang LW, Park M, Redlberger-Fritz M, Yu H, Espenhain L, Krishnan A, Emukule G, van Asten L, Pereira da Silva S, Aungkulanon S, Buchholz U, Widdowson MA, Bresee JS.

Lancet. 2018 Mar 31;391(10127):1285-1300. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)33293-2.  Read publication 

Etiology of severe acute watery diarrhea in children in the Global Rotavirus Surveillance Network using quantitative PCR

Operario DJ, Platts-Mills JA, Nadan S, Page N, Seheri M, Mphahlele J, Praharaj I, Kang G, Araujo IT, Leite JPG, Cowley D, Thomas S, Kirkwood CD, Dennis F, Armah G, Mwenda JM, Wijesinghe PR, Rey G, Grabovac V, Berejena C, Simwaka CJ, Uwimana J, Sherchand JB, Thu HM, Galagoda G, Bonkoungou IJO, Jagne S, Tsolenyanu E, Diop A, Enweronu-Laryea C, Borbor SA, Liu J, McMurry T, Lopman B, Parashar U, Gentsch J, Steele AD, Cohen A, Serhan F, Houpt ER.

J Infect Dis. 2017 Jul 15;216(2):220-227. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix294. Read publication 

Evaluation of the Copan eSwab®, a liquidbased microbiology transport system, for the preservation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae at different temperatures

Gumede L, Radebe F, Nhlapo D, Maseko V, Kufa-Chakezha T, Kularatne R.

Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 2017; 1(1):1–4.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2017.1313935Read publication 

Evaluation of the influenza sentinel surveillance system in Madagascar, 2009–2014

Rakotoarisoa A, Randrianasolo L, Tempia S, Guillebaud J, Razanajatovo N, Randriamampionona L, Piola P, Halm A, Heraud JM.

Bull World Health Organ. 2017 May 1;95(5):375-381. doi: 10.2471/BLT.16.171280.  Read publication 

Exploring the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of health care professionals on viral hepatitis notification in Gauteng, South Africa, 2015

Mathatha ED, Manamela JM, Musekiwa A and Prabdial-Sing N.

Archives of Public Health 2018; 76: 75-81.

Feasibility of using postal and web-based surveys to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis among health care workers in South Africa

Manana PN, Kuonza L, Musekiwa A, Koornhof H, Nanoo A, Ismail N.

PLoS ONE 05/2018; 13(5):e0197022., DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0197022.  Read publication 

Field evaluation of the performance of Alere and Cepheid qualitative HIV assays for paediatric point-of-care testing in a Soweto academic hospital, South Africa

Murray TY, Sherman GG, Nakwa F, MacLeod WB, Sipambo N, Velaphi S, Carmona S.

J Clin Microbiol 2017; 55(11): 3227-35.  Read publication 

Fine-scale spatial and temporal heterogeneities in insecticide resistance profiles of the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis in rural south-eastern Tanzania

Matowo NS, Munhenga G, Tanner M, Coetzee M, Feringa WF, Ngowo HS, Koekemoer LL, Okumu FO.

Wellcome Open Res. 2017 Oct 2;2:96. doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.12617.1.  Read publication 

First report of clinical presentation of a bite by a running spider, Philodromus sp. (Araneae: Philodromidae), with recommendations for spider bite management

Coetzee M, Dippenaar A, Frean J, Hunt RH.

S Afr Med J 2017; 107(7): 576-577.  Read publication 

First report of urease activity in the novel systemic fungal pathogen Emergomyces africanus: a comparison with the neurotrope Cryptococcus neoformans

Lerm B, Kenyon C, Schwartz IS, Kroukamp H, de Witt R, Govender NP, de Hoog GS, Botha A.

FEMS Yeast Res. 2017 Nov 1;17(7). doi: 10.1093/femsyr/fox069.  Read publication 

From mass gatherings medicine to mass gatherings health: Conclusions from the 3rd International Conference on Mass Gatherings Medicine, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Yezli S; WHO Collaborating Centre on Mass Gatherings Medicine, Assiri A, Nabulsi H, Awam A; WHO Collaborating Centre on Mass Gatherings Medicine, Blumberg L, Endericks T; WHO Collaborating Centre for Mass Gatherings and Global Health Security, Stergachis A; WHO Collaborating Centre on Mass Gatherings Public Health, Reicher S, McCloskey B; WHO Collaborating Centre for Mass Gatherings and Global Health Security, Petersen E, Alotaibi B; WHO Collaborating Centre on Mass Gatherings Medicine.

Int J Infect Dis. 2018 Jan;66:128-130. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2017.12.019.  Read publication 

Genetic sequencing for surveillance of drug resistance in tuberculosis in highly endemic countries: a multi-country population-based study

Matteo Zignol, Andrea M. Cabibbe, Anna S. Dean, Daniela Cirillo, Christopher Gilpin, Rumina Hasan, Sven Hoffner, Nazir Ismail, Leen Rigouts, Stefan Niemann, Karin Weyer, Natavan Alikhanova, Cecilia Ama, Sönke Andres, Anna Barbova, Angeli Borbe-Reyes, Andries Dreyer, Michèle Driesen, Zahra Hasan, Alamdar Hussain, Alexander Jurilio, Mostafa Kamal, Faisal M. Khanzada, Thomas A. Kohl, Mikael Mansjö, Paolo Miotto, Shaheed V. Omar, Ivita Sela, Mehriban Seyfaddinova, Girts Skenders, Alena Skrahina, Sabira Tahseen, Philippe Glaziou, Mario C. Raviglione.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Jun;18(6):675-683. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30073-2.  Read publication 

Genome Sequence for Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli O26:H11, Associated with a Cluster of Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome Cases in South Africa, 2017

Smith AM, Bosco KJ, Nicol MP, Kleynhans J, McCulloch M, Duze ST, Ismail A, Allam M, Tau NP, Keddy KH.

Genome Announce. 2017 Sep 21;5(38). pii: e00989-17. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00989-17.  Read publication 

Global burden of disease of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis: an updated analysis

Rajasingham R, Smith RM, Park BJ, Jarvis JN, Govender NP, Chiller TM, Denning DW, Loyse A, Boulware DR.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Aug;17(8):873-881. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30243-8.  Read publication 

Global epidemiology of non-influenza RNA respiratory viruses: data gaps and a growing need for surveillance

Tang JW, Lam TT, Zaraket H, Lipkin WI, Drews SJ, Hatchette TF, Heraud JM, Koopmans MP; INSPIRE investigators.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Oct;17(10):e320-e326. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30238-4.  Read publication 

Global respiratory syncytial virus-associated mortality in young children (RSV GOLD): a retrospective case series

Scheltema NM, Gentile A, Lucion F, Nokes DJ, Munywoki PK, Madhi SA, Groome MJ, Cohen C, Moyes J, Thorburn K, Thamthitiwat S, Oshitani H, Lupisan SP, Gordon A, Sánchez JF, O’Brien KL; PERCH Study Group, Gessner BD, Sutanto A, Mejias A, Ramilo O, Khuri-Bulos N, Halasa N, de-Paris F, Pires MR, Spaeder MC, Paes BA, Simões EAF, Leung TF, da Costa Oliveira MT, de Freitas Lázaro Emediato CC, Bassat Q, Butt W, Chi H, Aamir UB, Ali A, Lucero MG, Fasce RA, Lopez O, Rath BA, Polack FP, Papenburg J, Roglić S, Ito H, Goka EA, Grobbee DE, Nair H, Bont LJ.

Lancet Global Health 2017; 5(10): e984-e991. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X (17)30344-3.

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Global, regional, and national disease burden estimates of acute lower respiratory infections due to respiratory syncytial virus in young children in 2015: a systematic review and modelling study

Shi T, McAllister, DA, O’Brien KL, Simoes EAF, Madhi SA, Gessner BD, Polack FP, Balsells E, Acacio S, Aguayo C, Alassani I, Ali A, Antonio M, Awasthi S, Awori JO, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Baggett HC, Baillie VL, Balmaseda A, Barahona A, Basnet S, Bassat Q, Basualdo W, Bigogo G, Bont L, Breiman RF, Brooks WA, Broor S, Bruce N, Bruden D, Buchy P, Campbell S, Carosone-Link P, Chadha M, Chipeta J, Chou M, Clara W, Cohen C et al, RSV Global Epidemiology Network. 

Lancet 2017; 390(10098): 946-958. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30938-8.  Read publication 

High Cryptococcal Antigen Titers in Blood are Predictive of Subclinical Cryptococcal Meningitis Among HIV-Infected Patients

Wake RM, Britz E, Sriruttan C, Rukasha I, Omar T, Spencer DC, Nel JS, Mashamaite S, Adelekan A, Chiller TM, Jarvis JN, Harrison TS, Govender.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Feb 10;66(5):686-692. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix872.  Read publication 

High human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence in South African adolescents and young women encourages expanded HPV vaccination campaigns

Mbulawa ZZA, van Schalkwyk C, Hu NC, Meiring TL, Barnabas S, Dabee S, Jaspan H, Kriek JM, Jaumdally SZ, Muller E, Bekker LG, Lewis DA, Dietrich J, Gray G, Passmore JS, Williamson AL.

PLoS One. 2018 Jan 2;13(1):e0190166. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190166.  Read publication 

HIV drug resistance in African infants and young children newly diagnosed with HIV: a multicounty analysis

Jordan MR, Penazzato M, Cournil A, Vubil A, Jani I, Hunt G, Carmona S, Maphalala G, Mthethwa N, Watera C, Kaleebu P, Musanhu CC, Mtapuri-Zinyowera S, Dzangare J, Peeters M, Yang C, Parkin N, Bertagnolio S.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Nov 29;65(12):2018-2025. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix698.  Read publication 

HIV-1 drug resistance before initiation or re-initiation of first-line antiretroviral therapy in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis

Gupta RK, Gregson J, Parkin N, Haile-Selassie H, Tanuri A, Andrade Forero L, Kaleebu P, Watera C, Aghokeng A, Mutenda N, Dzangare J, Hone S, Hang ZZ, Garcia J, Garcia Z, Marchorro P, Beteta E, Giron A, Hamers R, Inzaule S, Frenkel LM, Chung MH, de Oliveira T, Pillay D, Naidoo K, Kharsany A, Kugathasan R, Cutino T, Hunt G, Avila Rios S, Doherty M, Jordan MR, Bertagnolio S.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Mar;18(3):346-355. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30702-8. Epub 2017 Dec 5. Erratum in: Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Dec 15.  Read publication 

HIV-1 superinfection can occur in the presence of broadly neutralizing antibodies

Serwanga J, Ssemwanga D, Muganga M, Nakiboneka R, Nakubulwa S, Kiwuwa-Muyingo S, Morris L, Redd AD, Quinn TC, Kaleebu P; HIV Superinfection Study Group.

Vaccine. 2018 Jan 25;36(4):578-586. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.11.075.  Read publication 

HIV-1 viraemia and drug resistance amongst female sex workers in Soweto, South Africa: A cross sectional study

Coetzee J, Hunt G, Jaffer M, Otwombe K, Scott L, Bongwe A, Ledwaba J, Molema S, Jewkes R, Gray GE.

PLoS One. 2017 Dec 15;12(12):e0188606. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188606.  Read publication 

HIVR4P 2016, Partnering for Prevention:  conference Summary and Highlights

Shacklett BL, Derdeyn CA, Folayan MO, Landovitz RJ, Anthony Colin, Behrens A, Hope TJ, Landais E, Leal L, Marrazzo JM, Morris L, Mugo N, Ngure K, Noseda V, Ranasinghe S, Tully DC, Voronin Y, Warren M, Constantinos Wibmer K, Xie IY, Scarlatti G, Thyagarajan B. 

AIDS Research Human Retroviruses, 33(8):749-759.  Read publication 

Hospital-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A cross-sectional analysis of risk factors in South African tertiary public hospitals

Shuping LL, Kuonza L, Musekiwa A, Iyaloo S, Perovic O.

PLoS One. 2017 Nov 16;12(11):e0188216. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188216.  Read publication 

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Drug Resistance in African Infants and Young Children Newly Diagnosed with HIV: A Multicountry Analysis

Jordan MR, Penazzato M, Cournil A, Vubil A, Jani I, Hunt G, Carmona S, Maphalala G, Mthethwa N, Watera C, Kaleebu P, Musanhu CC, Mtapuri-Zinyowera S, Dzangare J, Peeters M, Yang C, Parkin N, Bertagnolio S.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Nov 29;65(12):2018-2025. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix698.  Read publication 

Human leukocyte antigen class I (A, B and C) allele and haplotype variation in a South African Indian population

Loubser S, Paximadis M, Tiemessen CT.

Hum Immunol. 2017 Jul – Aug;78(7-8):468-470. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2017.04.010.  Read publication 

Human leukocyte antigen class I (A, B and C) allele and haplotype variation in a South African Mixed ancestry population

Loubser S, Paximadis M, Tiemessen CT.

Hum Immunol. 2017 May – Jun;78(5-6):399-400. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2017.04.006.  Read publication 

Immunization with DNA plasmids coding for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus Capsid and Envelope Proteins and/or virus-like particles induces protection and survival in challenged mice

Hinkula J, Devignot S, Åkerström S, Karlberg H, Wattrang E, Bereczky S, Mousavi-Jazi M, Risinger C, Lindegren G, Vernersson C, Paweska J, van Vuren PJ, Blixt O, Brun A, Weber F, Mirazimi A.

J Virol. 2017 Apr 28;91(10). pii: e02076-16. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02076-16.  Read publication 

Immunogenicity of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine among children with underlying medical conditions

Jallow S, Madhi SA, Madimabe R, Sipambo N, Violari A, Kala U, Petersen K, Naidoo S, Verwey C, Moore DP, Nunes MC.

Vaccine. 2017 Aug 3;35(34):4321-4329. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.06.081.  Read publication 

Implementation of objective PASC-Derived Taxon Demarcation Criteria for official classification of Filoviruses

Bào Y, Amarasinghe GK, Basler CF, Bavari S, Bukreyev A, Chandran K, Dolnik O, Dye JM, Ebihara H, Formenty P, Hewson R, Kobinger GP, Leroy EM, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Patterson JL, Paweska JT, Smither SJ, Takada A, Towner JS, Volchkov VE, Wahl-Jensen V, Kuhn JH.

Viruses. 2017 May 11;9(5). pii: E106. doi: 10.3390/v9050106.  Read publication 

Improvement of fungal disease identification and management: combined health systems and public health approaches

Cole DC, Govender NP, Chakrabarti A, Sacarlal J, Denning DW.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Dec;17(12):e412-e419. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30308-0.  Read publication 

Improving Early Identification of HIV-infected Neonates with Birth PCR Testing in a Large Urban Hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa: Successes and Challenges

Technau K, Kuhn L, Coovadia A, Carmona S, Sherman G.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 Apr 10;20(1):21436. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.01/21436.  Read publication 

Imputing the Direct and Indirect Effectiveness of Childhood Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Against Invasive Pneumococcal Disease by Surveying Temporal Changes in Nasopharyngeal Pneumococcal Colonization

Nzenze SA, Madhi SA, Shiri T, Klugman KP, de Gouveia L, Moore DP, Karstaedt AS, Tempia S, Nunes MC, von Gottberg A.

Am J Epidemiol. 2017 Aug 15;186(4):435-444. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx048.  Read publication 

In- and Out-of-hospital Mortality Associated with Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza and Respiratory Syncytial Virus in South Africa, 2009–2013

Cohen C, Walaza S, Treurnicht FK, McMorrow M, Madhi SA, McAnerney JM, Tempia S.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Jan 6;66(1):95-103. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix740.  Read publication 

In vitro antifungal susceptibility of the yeast- and mould-phases of the dimorphic fungal pathogen, Emergomyces africanus (formerly Emmonsia species), from HIV-infected South African patients

Maphanga TG, Britz E, Zulu TG, Mpembe RS, Naicker SD, Schwartz IS, Govender NP.

J Clin Microbiol. 2017 Jun;55(6):1812-1820. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02524-16.  Read publication 

Influenza epidemiology and immunization during pregnancy: Final report of a World Health Organization working group

Fell DB, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Baker MG, Batra M, Beaute J, Beutels P, Bhat N, Bhutta ZA, Cohen C, De MB, Gessner BD, Gravett MG, Katz MA, Knight M, Lee VJ, Loeb M, Luteijn JM, Marshall H, Nair H, Pottie K, Salam RA, Savitz DA, Serruya SJ, Skidmore B, Ortiz JR.

Vaccine. 2017 Oct 13;35(43):5738-5750. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.08.037.  Read publication 

Influenza vaccination – myths and facts

Walaza S.

Infect Dis Update. 2017 May 6(2).  Read publication 

Influenza-associated mortality in South Africa, 2009-2013: The importance of choices related to influenza infection proxies

Gul D, Cohen C, Tempia S, Newall AT, Muscatello DJ.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2018 Jan;12(1):54-64. doi: 10.1111/irv.12498.  Read publication 

Invasive disease caused simultaneously by dual serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Ndlangisa K, du Plessis M, Allam M, Wolter N, de Gouveia L, Klugman KP, Cohen C, Gladstone RA, von Gottberg A.

J Clin Microbiol. 2017 Dec 26;56(1). pii: e01149-17. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01149-17.  Read publication 

Investigation of Salmonella Enteritidis outbreaks in South Africa using multi-locus variable-number tandem-repeats analysis, 2013-2015

Muvhali M, Smith AM, Rakgantso AM, Keddy KH.

BMC Infect Dis. 2017 Oct 2;17(1):661. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2751-8.  Read publication 

Isolation of a novel orthobunyavirus from bat flies (Eucampsipoda africana)

Jansen van Vuren P, Wiley MR, Palacios G, Storm N, Markotter W, Birkhead M, Kemp A, Paweska JT.

J Gen Virol. 2017 May;98(5):935-945. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000753. Epub 2017 May 11.  Read publication 

Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I genetic diversity in four South African populations

Gentle NL, Loubser S, Paximadis M, Puren A, Tiemessen CT.

Hum Immunol. 2017 Jul – Aug;78(7-8):503-509. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2017.05.006.  Read publication 

Knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria transmission in Mamfene, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa 2015

Manana PN, Kuonza L, Musekiwa A, Mpangane HD, Koekemoer LL.

BMC Public Health. 2017 Jul 20;18(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4583-2.  Read publication 

Laboratory-acquired infections of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi in South Africa: phenotypic and genotypic analysis of isolates

Smith AM, Smouse SL, Tau NP, Bamford C, Moodley VM, Jacobs C, McCarthy KM, Lourens A, Keddy KH; GERMS-SA Surveillance Network.

BMC Infect Dis. 2017 Sep 29;17(1):656. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2757-2.  Read publication 

Long-lived CD8+ T cell responses following Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus infection

Goedhals D, Paweska JT, Burt FJ.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Dec 19;11(12):e0006149. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006149.  Read publication 

Lujo virus: current concepts

Sewlall NH., Paweska JT. 

Virus adaptation and treatment 2017;9: 41-47.  Read publication 

Malaria reduces globally but rebounds across southern Africa

Blumberg L, Frean J.

Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 2017; 32(2): 3-4.  Read publication 

Malaria vectors in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: the mechanisms that confer insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus

Nardini L, Hunt RH, Dahan-Moss YL, Christie N, Christian RN, Coetzee M, Koekemoer LL.

Malar J. 2017 Nov 7;16(1):448. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-2099-y.  Read publication 

Managing Advanced HIV Disease in a Public Health Approach

Ford N, Meintjes G, Calmy A, Bygrave H, Migone C, Vitoria M, Penazzato M, Vojnov L, Doherty M; Guideline Development Group for Managing Advanced HIV Disease and Rapid Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Mar 4;66(suppl_2):S106-SS110. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix1139.  Read publication 

Maternal HIV infection associated with reduced transplacental transfer of measles antibodies and increased susceptibility to disease

Jallow S, Cutland CL, Masbou AK, Adrian P, Madhi SA.

J Clin Virol. 2017 Sep;94:50-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2017.07.009.  Read publication

Meningococcal disease in the Middle East and Africa: Findings and updates from the Global Meningococcal Initiative 

Borrow R, Caugant DA, Ceyhan M, Christensen H, Dinleyici EC, Findlow J, Glennie L, von Gottberg A, Kechrid A, Vázquez Moreno J, Razki A, Smith V, Taha MK, Tali-Maamar H, Zerouali K; Global Meningococcal Initiative (GMI).

Journal of Infection 2017; 75(1): 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2017.04.007.  Read publication 

Microbial Composition Predicts Genital Tract Inflammation and Persistent Bacterial Vaginosis in South African Adolescent Females

Lennard K, Dabee S, Barnabas SL, Havyarimana E, Blakney A, Jaumdally SZ, Botha G, Mkhize NN, Bekker LG, Lewis DA, Gray G, Mulder N, Passmore JS, Jaspan HB.

Infect Immun. 2017 Dec 19;86(1). pii: e00410-17. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00410-17.  Read publication 

Misdiagnosis of HIV infection during a South African community-based survey: implications for rapid HIV testing

Kufa T, Kharsany AB, Cawood C, Khanyile D, Lewis L, Grobler A, Chipeta Z, Bere A, Glenshaw M, Puren A.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 Aug 29;20(Suppl 6):21753. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.7.21753.  Read publication 

Missed diagnostic opportunities within South Africa’s early infant diagnosis program, 2010±2015

Mazanderani A, Moyo F, Sherman GG.

PLoS One. 2017 May 11;12(5):e0177173. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177173.  Read publication 

Molecular characterization of Corynebacterium diphtheriae Outbreak Isolates, South Africa, March–June 2015

du Plessis M, Wolter N, Allam M, de Gouveia L, Moosa F, Ntshoe G, Blumberg L, Cohen C, Smith M, Mutevedzi P, Thomas J, Horne V, Moodley P, Archary M, Mahabeer Y, Mahomed S, Kuhn W, Mlisana K, McCarthy K, von Gottberg A.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017 Sep 22;61(10). pii: e01057-17. doi: 10.1128/AAC.01057-17.  Read publication 

Multidrug-resistant gonorrhea: A research and development roadmap to discover new medicines

Alirol E, Wi TE, Bala M, Bazzo ML, Chen XS, Deal C, Dillon JR, Kularatne R, Heim J, Hooft van Huijsduijnen R, Hook EW, Lahra MM, Lewis DA, Ndowa F, Shafer WM, Tayler L, Workowski K, Unemo M, Balasegaram M.

PLoS Med. 2017 Jul 26;14(7):e1002366. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002366.  Read publication 

Mutation of Adjacent Cysteine Residues in the NSS Protein of Rift Valley Fever Virus Results in Loss of Virulence in Mice

Monteiro GER, Jansen van Vuren P, Wichgers Schreur PJ, Odendaal L, Clift SJ, Kortekaas J, Paweska JT.

Virus Res. 2018 Apr 2;249:31-44. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2018.03.005.  Read publication 

Mutational Correlates of Virological Failure in Individuals Receiving a WHO-Recommended Tenofovir-Containing First-Line Regimen: An International Collaboration

Rhee SY, Varghese V, Holmes SP, Van Zyl GU, Steegen K, Boyd MA, Cooper DA, Nsanzimana S, Saravanan S, Charpentier C, de Oliveira T, Etiebet MA, Garcia F, Goedhals D, Gomes P, Günthard HF, Hamers RL, Hoffmann CJ, Hunt G, Jiamsakul A, Kaleebu P, Kanki P, Kantor R, Kerschberger B, Marconi VC, D’amour Ndahimana J, Ndembi N, Ngo-Giang-Huong N, Rokx C, Santoro MM, Schapiro JM, Schmidt D, Seu L, Sigaloff KCE, Sirivichayakul S, Skhosana L, Sunpath H, Tang M, Yang C, Carmona S, Gupta RK, Shafer RW.

EBioMedicine. 2017 Apr;18:225-235. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.03.024.  Read publication 

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Montefiori DC, Roederer M, Morris L, Seaman MS.

Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2018 Mar;13(2):128-136. doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000442.  Read publication 

Norovirus epidemiology in South African children <5 years hospitalised for diarrhoeal illness between 2009 and 2013

Page NA, Groome MJ, Nadan S, Netshikweta R, Keddy KH, Poonsamy B, Moyes J, Walaza S, Kahn K, Madhi SA, Taylor MB, Mans J, Cohen C.

Epidemiol Infect. 2017 Jul;145(9):1942-1952. doi: 10.1017/S0950268817000668.  Read publication 

Novel taxa of thermally dimorphic systemic pathogens in the Ajellomycetaceae (Onygenales)

Dukik K, Muñoz JF, Jiang Y, Feng P, Sigler L, Stielow JB, Freeke J, Jamalian A, Gerrits van den Ende B, McEwen JG, Clay OK, Schwartz IS, Govender NP, Maphanga TG, Cuomo CA, Moreno LF, Kenyon C, Borman AM, de Hoog S.

Mycoses. 2017 May;60(5):296-309. doi: 10.1111/myc.12601.  Read publication 

One Health in South Africa? 

Weyer, J. and Mulumba

Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 2017: 32 (3), 4-5.  Read publication 

Oropharyngeal HPV infection: prevalence and sampling methods among HIV-infected men in South Africa

Chikandiwa A, Pisa PT, Chersich MF, Muller EE, Mayaud P, Delany-Moretlwe S.

Int J STD AIDS. 2018 Jul;29(8):776-780. doi: 10.1177/0956462418755882.  Read publication 

Panels of HIV-1 Subtype C Env Reference Strains for Standardized Neutralization Assessments

Hraber P, Rademeyer C, Williamson C, Seaman MS, Gottardo R, Tang H, Greene K, Gao H, LaBranche C, Mascola JR, Morris L, Montefiori DC, Korber B.

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Paradoxical worsening of Emergomyces africanus infection in an HIV-infected male on itraconazole and antiretroviral therapy

Crombie K, Spengane Z, Locketz M, Dlamini S, Lehloenya R, Wasserman S, Maphanga TG, Govender NP, Kenyon C, Schwartz IS.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2018 Mar 8;12(3):e0006173. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006173.  Read publication 

Pathogenicity and Immunogenicity of Recombinant Rabies Viruses Expressing the Lagos Bat Virus Matrix and Glycoprotein: Perspectives for a Pan-Lyssavirus Vaccine

Kgaladi J, Faber M, Dietzschold B, Nel LH, Markotter W.

Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2017, 2, 37; doi:10.3390/tropicalmed2030037.  Read publication 

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Lemos MP, Taylor TE, McGoldrick SM, Molyneux ME, Menon M, Kussick S, Mkhize NN, Martinson NA, Stritmatter A, Randolph-Habecker J.

Clin Lab Med. 2018 Mar;38(1):67-90. doi: 10.1016/j.cll.2017.10.006.  Read publication 

Phenotypic and genotypic correlation of carbapenememase-producing Enterobacteriaceae and problems experienced in routine screening

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S Afr Med J. 2018 May 25;108(6):495-501. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i6.12878.  Read publication 

Phenotypic deficits in the HIV-1 envelope are associated with the maturation of a V2-directed broadly neutralizing antibody lineage

Reh L, Magnus C, Kadelka C, Kühnert D, Uhr T, Weber J, Morris L, Moore PL, Trkola A.

PLoS Pathog. 2018 Jan 25;14(1):e1006825. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006825.  Read publication 

Plague and listeriosis: current outbreaks, and an historical South African connection

Frean J, Blumberg L, McCarthy K, Thomas J.

S Afr J Infect Dis 2018;33(1):3-4.  Read publication 

Plasma CXCL13 but not B cell Frequencies in acute HIV infection predicts emergence of crossneutralizing antibodies

Mabuka JM, Dugast AS, Muema DM, Reddy T, Ramlakhan Y, Euler Z, Ismail N, Moodley A, Dong KL, Morris L, Walker BD, Alter G, Ndung’u T.

Front Immunol. 2017 Sep 8;8:1104. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.01104.  Read publication 

Plasma indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase, a biomarker for Tuberculosis in HIV infected patients

Adu-Gyamfi CG, Snyman T, Hoffmann CJ, Martinson NA, Chaisson RE, George JA, Suchard MS.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Oct 15;65(8):1356-1358. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix550.  Read publication 

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected children

Jallow S, Madhi SA.

Expert Rev Vaccines. 2017 May;16(5):453-465. doi: 10.1080/14760584.2017.1307740.  Read publication 

Population Dynamics and Plasmodium falciparum (Haemosporida: Plasmodiidae) Infectivity Rates for the Malaria Vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) at Mamfene, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Dandalo LC, Brooke BD, Munhenga G, Lobb LN, Zikhali J, Ngxongo SP, Zikhali PM, Msimang S, Wood OR, Mofokeng M, Misiani E, Chirwa T, Koekemoer LL.

J Med Entomol. 2017 Nov 7;54(6):1758-1766. doi: 10.1093/jme/tjx169.  Read publication 

Prevalence and outcomes of HIV-1 diagnostic challenges during universal birth testing – an urban South African observational cohort

Technau KG, Mazanderani AH, Kuhn L, Hans L, Strehlau R, Abrams EJ, Conradie M, Coovadia A, Mbete N, Murnane PM, Patel F, Shiau S, Tiemessen CT, Sherman GG.

J Int AIDS Soc. 2017 Aug 29;20(Suppl 6):21761. doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.7.21761.  Read publication 

Prevalence of anogenital HPV infection, related disease and risk factors among HIVinfected men in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa: baseline findings from a cohort study

Chikandiwa A, Chimoyi L, Pisa PT, Chersich MF2, Muller EE, Michelow P, Mayaud P, Delany-Moretlwe S.

BMC Public Health. 2017 Jul 4;17(Suppl 3):425. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4354-0.  Read publication 

Productive disruption: opportunities and challenges for innovation in infectious disease surveillance

Buckee CO, Cardenas MIE, Corpuz J, Ghosh A, Haque F, Karim J, Mahmud AS, Maude RJ, Mensah K, Motaze NV, Nabaggala M, Metcalf CJE, Mioramalala SA, Mubiru F, Peak CM, Pramanik S, Rakotondramanga JM, Remera E, Sinha I, Sovannaroth S, Tatem AJ, Zaw W.

BMJ Glob Health. 2018 Feb 19;3(1):e000538. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000538.  Read publication 

Progress of UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets in a district in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, with high HIV burden, in the HIPSS study: a household-based complex multilevel community survey

Grobler A, Cawood C, Khanyile D, Puren A, Kharsany ABM.

Lancet HIV. 2017 Nov;4(11):e505-e513. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(17)30122-4.  Read publication 

Progress towards the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals by age and gender in a rural area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a household-based community cross-sectional survey

Huerga H, Van Cutsem G, Ben Farhat J, Puren A, Bouhenia M, Wiesner L, Dlamini L, Maman D, Ellman T, Etard JF.

BMC Public Health. 2018 Mar 2;18(1):303. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5208-0.  Read publication 

Prospects for passive immunity to prevent HIV infection

Morris L, Mkhize NN.

PLoS Med. 2017 Nov 14;14(11):e1002436. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002436.  Read publication 

PulseNet International vision for the implementation of whole genome sequencing for global foodborne disease surveillance

Nadon C, Van Walle I, Chinen I, Campos J, Trees E, Gilpin B, Carleton H, Perez H, Smith AM, Concepcion-Acevedo J, Kam K-M, Moller Nielsen E, Kubota K, Takkinen J, Gerner-Smidt P.

Eurosurveillance. 22(23):pii=30544. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.23.30544Read publication 

Rabies-what is necessary to achieve ‘zero by 30’?

Durrheim DN, Blumberg L.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Jul 1;111(7):285-286. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trx055.  Read publication 

Rates of virological suppression and drug resistance in adult HIV-1-positive patients attending primary healthcare facilities in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Hunt GM, Dokubo EK, Takuva S, de Oliveira T, Ledwaba J, Dube N, Moodley P, Sabatier J, Deyde V, Morris L, Raizes E.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2017 Nov 1;72(11):3141-3148. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkx252.  Read publication 

Recommendations for the use of meningococcal vaccines in South Africa

Meiringa S, Hussey G, Jeena P, Parker S, Von Gottberg A.

Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 2017; 32(3):82–86.  Read publication 

Respiratory syncytial virus in adults with severe acute respiratory illness in a high HIV prevalence setting

Moyes J, Walaza S, Pretorius M, Groome M, von Gottberg A, Wolter N, Haffejee S, Variava E, Cohen AL, Tempia S, Kahn K, Dawood H, Venter M, Cohen C, Madhi SA; South African Severe Acute Respiratory Illness (SARI) Surveillance Group.

J Infect. 2017 Oct;75(4):346-355. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2017.06.007.  Read publication 

Rift Valley Fever: Does Wildlife Play a Role?

Rostal MK, Liang JE, Zimmermann D, Bengis R, Paweska J, Karesh WB.

ILAR J. 2017 Dec 15;58(3):359-370. doi: 10.1093/ilar/ilx023.  Read publication 

Risk factors for pertussis among hospitalized children in a high HIV prevalence setting, South Africa

Du Plesses NM, Ntshoe G, Reubenson G, Kularatne R, Blumberg L, Thomas J, Avenant T.

Int J Infect Dis. 2018 Mar;68:54-60. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2018.01.010.  Read publication 

Risk of Human Infections With Highly Pathogenic H5N2 and Low Pathogenic H7N1 Avian Influenza Strains During Outbreaks in Ostriches in South Africa

Venter M, Treurnicht FK, Buys A, Tempia S, Samudzi R, McAnerney J, Jacobs CA, Thomas J, Blumberg L.

J Infect Dis. 2017 Sep 15;216(suppl_4):S512-S519. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix018.  Read publication 

Rotavirus A strains obtained from children with acute gastroenteritis in Mozambique, 20122013: G and P genotypes and phylogenetic analysis of VP7 and partial VP4 genes

João ED, Strydom A, O’Neill HG, Cuamba A, Cassocera M, Acácio S, Mandomando I, Motanyane L, Page N, de Deus N.

Arch Virol. 2018 Jan;163(1):153-165. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3575-y.  Read publication 

Safety and immunogenicity of a parenteral P2-VP8-P[8] subunit rotavirus vaccine in toddlers and infants in South Africa: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Groome MJ, Koen A, Fix A, Page N, Jose L, Madhi SA, McNeal M, Dally L, Cho I, Power M, Flores J, Cryz S.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Aug;17(8):843-853. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30242-6.  Read publication

Serum glycan-binding IgG antibodies in HIV-1 infection and during the development of broadly neutralizing responses

Scheepers C, Chowdhury S, Wright WS, Campbell CT, Garrett NJ, Abdool Karim Q, Abdool Karim SS, Moore PL, Gildersleeve JC, Morris L.

AIDS. 2017 Oct 23;31(16):2199-2209. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001643.  Read publication 

Size Doesn’t Matter: Shorter Antibody Loops Can Infiltrate HIV’s Env Apex Defenses

Bhiman JN, Moore PL.

Immunity. 2017 May 16;46(5):762-764. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2017.04.012.  Read publication 

South African Ebola diagnostic response in Sierra Leone: A modular high biosafety field laboratory

Paweska JT, Jansen van Vuren P, Meier GH, le Roux C, Conteh OS, Kemp A, Fourie C, Naidoo P, Naicker S, Ohaebosim P, Storm N, Hellferscee O, Ming Sun LK, Mogodi B, Prabdial-Sing N, du Plessis D, Greyling D, Loubser S, Goosen M, McCulloch SD, Scott TP, Moerdyk A, Dlamini W, Konneh K, Kamara IL, Sowa D, Sorie S, Kargbo B, Madhi SA.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017 Jun 19;11(6):e0005665. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005665.  Read publication 

South African guideline for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults

Boyles TH, Brink A, Calligaro GL, Cohen C, Dheda K, Maartens G, Richards GA, van Zyl Smit R, Smith C, Wasserman S, Whitelaw AC, Feldman C; South African Thoracic Society; Federation of Infectious Diseases Societies of Southern Africa.

Journal of Thoracic Disease 2017; 9(6): 1469-1502. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.05.31.  Read publication 

South African HIV-testing policy guidance considerations

Venter F, Majam M, Jankelowitz L, Adams S, Moorhoise M, Carmona S, Stevens W, Msimanga BR, Allen D, Balani P, Nevhutalu Z Rhagnath N, Shroufi A, Devillé W, kazangarare V, Van der Wiel R, Templeman H, Puren A, Tucker T, van Cutsem G, Conradie F, Dong K, Chidrarikire T, Gray A. 

South Afr J HIV Med. 2017 Sep 22;18(1):775. doi: 10.4102/sajhivmed.v18i1.775.  Read publication 

Structural Level Differences in the Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission Rate in South Africa: A Multilevel Assessment of Individual-, Health Facility-, and Provincial-Level Predictors of Infant HIV Transmission 

Woldesenbet S, Jackson DJ, Lombard CJ, Dinh TH, Ramokolo V, Doherty T, Sherman GG, Pillay Y, and Goga AE.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Apr 15; 74(5): 523–530.  Read publication 

Surveillance of impact of PCV-10 vaccine on pneumococcal meningitis in Mozambique, 2013 – 2015

Nhantumbo AA, Weldegebriel G, Katsande R, de Gouveia L, Comé CE, Cuco AZ, Cantarelli VV, Dias C, Caierão J, Mathiu JM, Gudo ES.

PLoS One. 2017 Jun 12;12(6):e0177746. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177746.  Read publication 

Survival of patients with Kaposi’s sarcoma in the South African antiretroviral treatment era: A retrospective cohort study

Sengayi MM, Kielkowski D, Egger M, Dreosti L, Bohlius J.

S Afr Med J. 2017 Sep 22;107(10):871-876. doi: 10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i10.12362.  Read publication 

Switching to Efavirenz Versus Remaining on Ritonavirboosted Lopinavir in Human Immunodeficiency virusinfected Children Exposed to Nevirapine: Long-term Outcomes of a Randomized Trial

Murnane PM, Strehlau R, Shiau S, Patel F, Mbete N, Hunt G, Abrams EJ, Coovadia A, Kuhn L.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Aug 1;65(3):477-485. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix335.  Read publication 

Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: update 2017

Amarasinghe GK, Bào Y, Basler CF, Bavari S, Beer M, Bejerman N, Blasdell KR, Bochnowski A, Briese T, Bukreyev A, Calisher CH, Chandran K, Collins PL, Dietzgen RG, Dolnik O, Dürrwald R, Dye JM, Easton AJ, Ebihara H, Fang Q, Formenty P, Fouchier RAM, Ghedin E, Harding RM, Hewson R, Higgins CM, Hong J, Horie M, James AP, Jiāng D, Kobinger GP, Kondo H, Kurath G, Lamb RA, Lee B, Leroy EM, Li M, Maisner A, Mühlberger E, Netesov SV, Nowotny N, Patterson JL, Payne SL, Paweska JT, Pearson MN, Randall RE, Revill PA, Rima BK, Rota P, Rubbenstroth D, Schwemmle M, Smither SJ, Song Q, Stone DM, Takada A, Terregino C, Tesh RB, Tomonaga K, Tordo N, Towner JS, Vasilakis N, Volchkov VE, Wahl-Jensen V, Walker PJ, Wang B, Wang D, Wang F, Wang LF, Werren JH, Whitfield AE, Yan Z, Ye G, Kuhn JH.

Arch Virol. 2017 Aug;162(8):2493-2504. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3311-7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.  Read publication 

Temporal association of rotavirus vaccination and genotype circulation in South Africa: Observations from 2002 to 2014

Page NA, Seheri LM, Groome MJ, Moyes J, Walaza S, Mphahlele J, Kahn K, Kapongo CN, Zar HJ, Tempia S, Cohen C, Madhi SA.

Vaccine. 2017 Oct 27. pii: S0264-410X(17)31470-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.10.062.  Read publication 

The accuracy of HIV rapid testing in integrated bio-behavioral surveys of men who have sex with men across 5 Provinces in South Africa

Kufa T, Lane T, Manyuchi A, Singh B, Isdahl Z, Osmand T, Grasso M, Struthers H, McIntyre J, Chipeta Z, Puren A.

Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(28):e7391. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000007391.  Read publication 

The burden and clinical presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis in adults with severe respiratory illness in a high human immunodeficiency virus prevalence setting, 2012-2014

Walaza S, Tempia S, Dreyer A, Dawood H, Variava E, Martinson NA, Moyes J, Cohen AL, Wolter N, von Mollendorf C, von Gottberg A, Haffejee S, Treurnicht F, Hellferscee O, Ismail N, Cohen C.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017 Aug 7;4(3):ofx116. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofx116.  Read publication 

The continuing burden of advanced HIV disease over 10 years of increasing antiretroviral therapy coverage in South Africa

Osler M, Hilderbrand K, Goemaere E, Ford N, Smith M, Meintjes G, Kruger J, Govender NP, Boulle A.

Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Mar 4;66(suppl_2):S118-S125. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix1140.  Read publication 

The cost-effectiveness of trivalent and quadrivalent influenza vaccination in communities in South Africa, Vietnam and Australia

de Boer PT, Kelso JK, Halder N, Nguyen TP, Moyes J, Cohen C, Barr IG, Postma MJ, Milne GJ.

Vaccine. 2018 Feb 8;36(7):997-1007. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.12.073.  Read publication 

The effects of ingestion of hormonal host factors on the longevity and insecticide resistance phenotype of the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

Oliver SV, Brooke BD.

PLoS One. 2017 Jul 11;12(7):e0180909. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180909.  Read publication 

The Effects of the Attributable Fraction and the Duration of Symptoms on Burden Estimates of Influenza-Associated Respiratory Illnesses in a High HIV-Prevalence Setting, South Africa, 2013-2015

Tempia S, Walaza S, Moyes J, Cohen AL, von Mollendorf C, McMorrow ML, Mhlanga S, Treurnicht FK, Venter M, Pretorius M, Hellferscee O, Wolter N, von Gottberg A, Nguweneza A, McAnerney JM, Dawood H, Variava E, Madhi SA, Cohen C.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2018 May;12(3):360-373. doi: 10.1111/irv.12529.  Read publication 

The Global Meningococcal Initiative: global epidemiology, the impact of vaccines on meningococcal disease and the importance of herd protection

Borrow R, Alarcón P, Carlos J, Caugant DA, Christensen H, Debbag R, De Wals P, Echániz-Aviles G, Findlow J, Head C, Holt D, Kamiya H, Saha SK, Sidorenko S, Taha MK, Trotter C, Vázquez Moreno JA, von Gottberg A, Sáfadi MA; Global Meningococcal Initiative.

Expert Rev Vaccines. 2017 Apr;16(4):313-328. doi: 10.1080/14760584.2017.1258308.  Read publication

The influence of age on insecticide susceptibility of Anopheles arabiensis during dry and rainy seasons in rice irrigation schemes of Northern Tanzania

Mbepera S, Nkwengulila G, Peter R, Mausa EA, Mahande AM, Coetzee M, Kweka EJ.

Malar J. 2017 Sep 11;16(1):364. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-2022-6.  Read publication 

The Neutralizing Antibody Response to the HIV-1 Env Protein

Moore PL.

Curr HIV Res. 2018;16(1):21-28. doi: 10.2174/1570162X15666171124122044.  Read publication 

Time to first positive HIV-1 DNA PCR may differ with antiretroviral regimen in infants infected with non-B subtype HIV-1

Balasubramanian R Fowler MG, Dominquez K, Lockman S, Tookey PA, Huong NNG, Nesheim S, Hughes MD, Lallemant M, Tosswill J, Shaffer N, Sherman G, Palumbo P, Shapiro DE.

AIDS. 2017 Nov 28;31(18):2465-2474. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001640.  Read publication 

Toward elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in South Africa:  how best to monitor early infant infections within the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Programme

Sherman GG, Haeri Mazanderani A, Barron P, Bhardwaj S, Niit R, Okobi M, Puren A, Jackson DJ, Goga AE.

J Glob Health. 2017 Jun;7(1):010701. doi: 10.7189/jogh.07.010701.  Read publication 

Transmission of Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa

Shah NS, Auld SC, Brust JC, Mathema B, Ismail N, Moodley P, Mlisana K, Allana S, Campbell A, Mthiyane T, Morris N, Mpangase P, van der Meulen H, Omar SV, Brown TS, Narechania A, Shaskina E, Kapwata T, Kreiswirth B, Gandhi NR.

N Engl J Med. 2017 Jan 19;376(3):243-253. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1604544.  Read publication 

Transplacental transfer of respiratory syncytial virus neutralizing antibodies in HIV-infected compared to HIV-uninfected pregnant women

Sabelle Jallow, Yasmeen Agostia, Prudence Kgagudia, Megan Vandecar, Clare L. Cutlanda, Eric A. F. Simões, Marta C. Nunes, Melinda S. Suchard and Shabir A. Madhi.

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Treatment interventions for diarrhoea in HIV-infected and HIV-exposed children: a systematic review.

Motaze NV, Nwachukwu C, Humphreys E.

Pan African Medical Journal 2018; 29: 208-216.

Trends in the relative prevalence of genital ulcer disease pathogens and association with HIV infection in Johannesburg, South Africa, 2007-2015

Kularatne RS, Muller EE, Maseko DV, Kufa-Chakezha T, Lewis DA.

PLoS One. 2018 Apr 4;13(4):e0194125. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194125.  Read publication 

Understanding human genetic factors influencing primaquine safety and efficacy to guide primaquine rollout in a preelimination setting in southern Africa

Awandu SS, Raman J, Makhanthisa TI, Kruger P, Frean J, Bousema T, Niemand J, Birkholtz LM.

Malar J. 2018 Mar 20;17(1):120. doi: 10.1186/s12936-018-2271-z.  Read publication 

Update on Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus Outbreaks — Democratic Republic of the Congo and Horn of Africa, 2017–2018

Mbaeyi C, Alleman MM, Ehrhardt D, Wiesen E, Burns CC, Liu H, Ewetola R, Seakamela L, Mdodo R, Ndoutabe M, Wenye PR,  Riziki Y,  Borus P, Kamugisha C,  and Wassilak SGF.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019; 68: 225–230.

Vector and Serologic Survey for Crimean–Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Poland

Bażanów BA, Pacoń J, Gadzała Ł, Frącka A, Welz M, Paweska J.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017 Jul;17(7):510-513. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2016.2075.  Read publication 

West Nile Virus Lineage 2 Associated with Human Case in Republic of Serbia

Jovanović Galović A, Weyer J, Jansen van Vuren P, Paweska JT, Radovanov J, Kovačević G, Hrnjaković Cvjetković I, Petrović V, Blumberg LH, Milošević V.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017 Nov;17(11): 780-783. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2017.2141.  Read publication 

Whole genome sequencing of Shigella sonnei through PulseNet Latin America and Caribbean: advancing global surveillance of foodborne illnesses

Baker KS, Campos J, Pichel M, Della Gaspera A, Duarte-Martínez F, Campos-Chacón E, Bolaños-Acuña HM, Guzmán-Verri C, Mather AE, Diaz Velasco S, Zamudio Rojas ML, Forbester JL, Connor TR, Keddy KH, Smith AM, López de Delgado EA, Angiolillo G, Cuaical N, Fernández J, Aguayo C, Morales Aguilar M, Valenzuela C, Morales Medrano AJ, Sirok A, Weiler Gustafson N, Diaz Guevara PL, Montaño LA, Perez E, Thomson NR.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2017 Nov;23(11):845-853. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2017.03.021.  Read publication 

Whole-Genome Sequence of a Mycobacterium goodii Isolate from a Pediatric Patient in South Africa

Allam M, Joseph L, Ismail F, Said H, Ismail NA, Ismail A, Mtshali S, Mnyameni F, Goussard P,  Pekeur JC, Lourens A, Omar SV.

Genome Announce. 01/2018; 6(3):e01478-17., DOI:10.1128/genomeA.01478-17.  Read publication 

Xpert HIV-1 point-of-care test for neonatal diagnosis of HIV in the birth testing programme of a maternity hospital: a field evaluation study

Technau KG, Kuhn L, Coovadia A, Murnane P, Sherman GG.

Lancet HIV. 2017 Oct;4(10):e442-e448. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(17)30097-8.  Read publication 

Zika beyond the Americas: Travelers as sentinels of Zika virus transmission. A GeoSentinel analysis, 2012 to 2016

 Leder K, Grobusch MP, Gautret P, Chen LH, Kuhn S, Lim PL, Yates J, McCarthy AE, Rothe C, Kato Y, Bottieau E, Huber K, Schwartz E, Stauffer W, Malvy D, Shaw MTM, Rapp C, Blumberg L, Jensenius M, van Genderen PJJ, Hamer DH; GeoSentinel Surveillance Network.

PLoS One. 2017 Oct 3;12(10):e0185689. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185689.  Read publication 

Chinks in the armor of the HIV-1 Envelope glycan shield: Implications for immune escape from anti-glycan broadly neutralizing antibodies

Moyo T, Ferreira RC, Davids R, Sonday Z, Moore PL, Travers SA, Wood NT, Dorfman JR.
Virology. 2017 Jan 15;501:12-24. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2016.10.026.  Read publication

Comparative accuracy of the REBA MTB MDR and Hain MTBDRplus line probe assays for the detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: A multicenter, non-inferiority study

J Havumaki, D Hillemann, N Ismail, S Vally Omar, SB Georghiou, SG Schumacher, C Boehme, CM  Denkinger.

PLoS ONE 03/2017; 12(3): e0173804., DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173804.  Read publication 

Critical EPICOT items were absent in Cochrane human immunodeficiency virus systematic reviews: a bibliometric analysis.

Mbuagbaw L, Kredo T, Welch V, Mursleen S, Ross S, Zani B, Motaze NV, Quinlan L. 

J Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Jun; 74:66-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2015.10.018. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

Development of a respiratory severity score for hospitalized adults in a high HIV-prevalence setting, South Africa, 2010-2011

Millman AJ, Greenbaum A, Walaza S, Cohen AL, Groome MJ, Reed C, McMorrow M, Tempia S, Venter M, Treurnicht FK, Madhi SA, Cohen C, Variava E.

BMC Pulm Med. 2017 Feb 2;17(1):28. doi: 10.1186/s12890-017-0368-8.  Read publication 

Effect of ionising (gamma) radiation on female Anopheles arabiensis

Dandalo LC, Kemp A, Koekemoer LL, Munhenga G.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Jan 1;111(1):38-40. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trx013.  Read publication 

Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccination in community-dwelling elderly people: an individual participant data meta-analysis of test-negative design case-control studies

Darvishian M, van den Heuvel ER, Bissielo A, Castilla J, Cohen C, Englund H, Gefenaite G, Huang WT, la Bastide-van Gemert S, Martinez-Baz I, McAnerney JM, Ntshoe GM, Suzuki M, Turner N, Hak E.

Lancet Respir Med. 2017 Mar;5(3):200-211. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(17)30043-7.  Read publication 

Effectiveness of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against invasive pneumococcal disease in South African children: a case-control study

Cohen C, von Mollendorf C, de Gouveia L, Lengana S, Meiring S, Quan V, Nguweneza A, Moore DP, Reubenson G, Moshe M, Madhi SA, Eley B, Hallbauer U, Finlayson H, Varughese S, O’Brien KL, Zell ER, Klugman KP, Whitney CG, von Gottberg A; South African IPD Case-Control Study Group.

Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Mar;5(3):e359-e369. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30043-8.  Read publication 

Estimating vaccine effectiveness in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza in outpatient settings in South Africa, 2015

McAnerney JM, Walaza S, Tempia S, Blumberg L, Treurnicht FK, Madhi SA, Valley-Omar Z, Cohen C

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2017 Mar;11(2):177-181. doi: 10.1111/irv.12436.  Read publication 

E-learning of evidence-based health care (EBHC) in healthcare professionals: a systematic review

Rohwer A, Motaze NV, Rehfuess E, Young T. Campbell Systematic Reviews 2017:4. DOI: 10.4073/csr.2017.4.

Evaluating Different Cages for Rearing Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) Under Laboratory Conditions

Mashatola T, Munhenga G, Koekemoer LL

African Entomology 25(2): 534–539 (2017). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4001/003.025.0534Read publication 

Hepatitis C genotype distribution in patient and blood donor samples in South Africa, 2008-2012

Prabdial-Sing N, Chirwa T, Thaver J, Smuts H, Vermeulen M, Suchard MS, Puren AJ. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 2016; 23(11):881-888.

Imputing the direct and indirect effectiveness of childhood pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against invasive pneumococcal disease by surveying temporal changes in nasopharyngeal pneumococcal colonization

Nzenze SA, Madhi SA, Shiri T, Klugman KP, de Gouveia L, Moore DP, Karstaedt AS, Tempia S, Nunes MC, von Gottberg A.

American Journal of Epidemiology; 186(4): 435-444. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx048.  Read publication 

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of South African healthcare workers regarding the prevention and treatment of influenza among HIV-infected individuals

Duque J, Gaga S, Clark D, Muller M, Kuwane B, Cohen C, Walaza S, Tempia S, Ramatoboe P, Furumele T, Widdowson MA, McMorrow ML and Cohen AL

PLoS One. 2017 Mar 16;12(3):e0173983. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173983.  Read publication 

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices about influenza illness and vaccination: a cross-sectional survey in two South African communities

Wong KK, Cohen AL, Norris SA, Martinson NA, von Mollendorf C, Tempia S, Walaza S, Madhi SA, McMorrow ML, Variava E, Motlhaoleng KM, Cohen C.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2016 Sep;10(5):421-8. doi: 10.1111/irv.12388.  Read publication 

Looking for fungi in all the right places: screening for cryptococcal disease and other AIDS-related mycoses among patients with advanced HIV disease

Greene G, Sriruttan C, Le T, Chiller T, Govender NP.

Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2017 Mar;12(2):139-147. doi: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000347.  Read publication 

Mapping Polyclonal HIV-1 Antibody Responses via Next-Generation Neutralization Fingerprinting

Doria-Rose NA, Altae-Tran HR, Roark RS, Schmidt SD, Sutton MS, Louder MK, Chuang GY, Bailer RT, Cortez V, Kong R, McKee K, O’Dell S, Wang F, Abdool Karim SS, Binley JM, Connors M, Haynes BF, Martin MA, Montefiori DC, Morris L, Overbaugh J, Kwong PD, Mascola JR, Georgiev IS.

PLoS Pathog. 2017 Jan 4;13(1):e1006148. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006148.  Read publication 

Measles outbreak reveals measles susceptibility among adults in Namibia, 2009-2011

Ogbuanu IU, Muroua C, Allies M, Chitala K, Gerber S, Shilunga P, Mhata P, Nicholson JL, Caparos L, Smit S, de Wee RJ, Goodson JL.

S Afr Med J (2016) 106(7): 715-720.

Measuring mortality due to HIV-associated tuberculosis among adults in South Africa: Comparing verbal autopsy, minimally-invasive autopsy, and research data

Karat AS, Tlali M, Fielding KL, Charalambous S, Chihota VN, Churchyard GJ, Hanifa Y, Johnson S, McCarthy K, Martinson NA, Omar T, Kahn K, Chandramohan D, Grant AD.

PLoS One. 2017 Mar 23;12(3):e0174097. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174097.  Read publication 

Microevolution of Serial Clinical Isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans var. grubii and C. gattii

Chen Y, Farrer RA, Giamberardino C, Sakthikumar S, Jones A, Yang T, Tenor JL, Wagih O, Van Wyk M, Govender NP, Mitchell TG, Litvintseva AP, Cuomo CA, Perfect JR.

MBio. 2017 Mar 7;8(2). pii: e00166-17. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00166-17.  Read publication 

Mimicry of an HIV broadly neutralizing antibody epitope with a synthetic glycopeptide

Alam SM, Aussedat B, Vohra Y, Meyerhoff RR, Cale EM, Walkowicz WE, Radakovich NA, Anasti K, Armand L, Parks R, Sutherland L, Scearce R, Joyce MG, Pancera M, Druz A, Georgiev IS, Von Holle T, Eaton A, Fox C, Reed SG, Louder M, Bailer RT, Morris L, Abdool-Karim SS, Cohen M, Liao HX, Montefiori DC, Park PK, Fernández-Tejada A, Wiehe K, Santra S, Kepler TB, Saunders KO, Sodroski J, Kwong PD, Mascola JR, Bonsignori M, Moody MA, Danishefsky S, Haynes BF.

Sci Transl Med. 2017 Mar 15;9(381). pii: eaai7521. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aai7521.  Read publication 

Molecular characterization of invasive capsule null Neisseria meningitidis in South Africa

Ganesh K, Allam M, Wolter N, Bratcher HB, Harrison OB, Lucidarme J, Borrow R, de Gouveia L, Meiring S, Birkhead M, Maiden MC, von Gottberg A, du Plessis M.

BMC Microbiol. 2017 Feb 21;17(1):40. doi: 10.1186/s12866-017-0942-5.  Read publication 

Occult HIV-1 drug resistance to thymidine analogues following failure of fi rst-line tenofovir combined with a cytosine analogue and nevirapine or efavirenz in sub Saharan Africa: a retrospective multi-centre cohort study

Gregson J, Kaleebu P, Marconi VC, van Vuuren C, Ndembi N, Hamers RL, Kanki P, Hoffmann CJ, Lockman S, Pillay D, de Oliveira T, Clumeck N, Hunt G, Kerschberger B, Shafer RW, Yang C, Raizes E, Kantor R, Gupta RK.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 Mar;17(3):296-304. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)30469-8.  Read publication 

Ontogeny-based immunogens for the induction of V2-directed HIV broadly neutralizing antibodies

Moore PL, Gorman J, Doria-Rose NA, Morris L.

Immunol Rev. 2017 Jan;275(1):217-229. doi: 10.1111/imr.12501.  Read publication 

Potent and broad HIV-neutralizing antibodies in memory B cells and plasma

Williams LD, Ofek G, Schätzle S, McDaniel JR, Lu X, Nicely NI, Wu L, Lougheed CS, Bradley T, Louder MK, McKee K, Bailer RT, O’Dell S, Georgiev IS, Seaman MS, Parks RJ, Marshall DJ, Anasti K, Yang G, Nie X, Tumba NL, Wiehe K, Wagh K, Korber B, Kepler TB, Munir Alam S, Morris L, Kamanga G, Cohen MS, Bonsignori M, Xia SM, Montefiori DC, Kelsoe G, Gao F, Mascola JR, Moody MA, Saunders KO, Liao HX, Tomaras GD, Georgiou G, Haynes BF.

Sci Immunol. 2017 Jan 27;2(7). pii: eaal2200. doi: 10.1126/sciimmunol.aal2200.  Read publication 

Rapid Detection of Common HIV-1 Drug Resistance Mutations by Use of High-Resolution Melting Analysis and Unlabeled Probes

Sacks D, Ledwaba J, Morris L, Hunt GM.

J Clin Microbiol. 2016 Dec 28;55(1):122-133. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01291-16.  Read publication 

Serology reveals heterogeneity of Plasmodium falciparum transmission in northeastern South Africa: implications for malaria elimination

Biggs J, Raman J, Cook J, Hlongwana K, Drakeley C, Morris N, Serocharan I, Agubuzo E, Kruger P, Mabuza A, Zitha A, Machaba E, Coetzee M, Kleinschmidt I.

Malar J. 2017 Jan 26;16(1):48. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-1701-7.  Read publication 

Severe Chikungunya infection in Northern Mozambique: a case report

Aly MM, Ali S, Muianga AF, Monteiro V, Gallego JG, Weyer J, Falk KI, Paweska JT, Cliff J, Gudo ES.

BMC Res Notes. 2017 Feb 8;10(1):88. doi: 10.1186/s13104-017-2417-z.  Read publication 

Severity of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Lower Respiratory Tract Infection With Viral Coinfection in HIV-Uninfected Children

Mazur NI, Bont L, Cohen AL, Cohen C, von Gottberg A, Groome MJ, Hellferscee O, Klipstein-Grobusch K, Mekgoe O, Naby F, Moyes J, Tempia S, Treurnicht FK, Venter M, Walaza S, Wolter N, Madhi SA; South African Severe Acute Respiratory Illness (SARI) Surveillance Group.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Feb 15;64(4):443-450. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw756.  Read publication 

Simultaneous emergence of multidrug resistant Candida auris on three continents confirmed by whole genome sequencing and epidemiological analyses

Lockhart SR, Etienne KA, Vallabhaneni S, Farooqi J, Chowdhary A, Govender NP, Colombo AL, Calvo B, Cuomo CA, Desjardins CA, Berkow EL, Castanheira M, Magobo RE, Jabeen K, Asghar RJ, Meis JF, Jackson B, Chiller T, Litvintseva AP.

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 15;64(2):134-140. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw691.  Read publication 

Staged induction of HIV-1 glycan–dependent broadly neutralizing antibodies

Bonsignori M, Kreider EF, Fera D, Meyerhoff RR, Bradley T, Wiehe K, Alam SM, Aussedat B, Walkowicz WE, Hwang KK, Saunders KO, Zhang R, Gladden MA, Monroe A, Kumar A, Xia SM, Cooper M, Louder MK, McKee K, Bailer RT, Pier BW, Jette CA, Kelsoe G, Williams WB, Morris L, Kappes J, Wagh K, Kamanga G, Cohen MS, Hraber PT, Montefiori DC, Trama A, Liao HX, Kepler TB, Moody MA, Gao F, Danishefsky SJ, Mascola JR, Shaw GM, Hahn BH, Harrison SC, Korber BT, Haynes BF.

Sci Transl Med. 2017 Mar 15;9(381). pii: eaai7514. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aai7514.  Read publication 

Structure and Recognition of a Novel HIV-1 gp120-gp41 Interface Antibody that Caused MPER Exposure through Viral Escape

Wibmer CK, Gorman J, Ozorowski G, Bhiman JN, Sheward DJ, Elliott DH, Rouelle J, Smira A, Joyce MG, Ndabambi N, Druz A, Asokan M, Burton DR, Connors M, Abdool Karim SS, Mascola JR, Robinson JE, Ward AB, Williamson C, Kwong PD, Morris L, Moore.

PLoS Pathog. 2017 Jan 11;13(1):e1006074. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006074.  Read publication 

The effect of elevated temperatures on the life history and insecticide resistance phenotype of the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

Oliver SV, Brooke BD.

Malar J. 2017 Feb 14;16(1):73. doi: 10.1186/s12936-017-1720-4.  Read publication 

The Global Meningococcal Initiative: global epidemiology, the impact of vaccines on meningococcal disease and the importance of herd protection

Borrow R, Alarcón P, Carlos J, Caugant DA, Christensen H, Debbag R, De Wals P, Echániz-Aviles G, Findlow J, Head C, Holt D, Kamiya H, Saha SK, Sidorenko S, Taha MK, Trotter C, Vázquez Moreno JA, von Gottberg A, Sáfadi MA; Global Meningococcal Initiative.

Expert Rev Vaccines 2017; 16(4): 313-328. doi: 10.1080/14760584.2017.1258308.  Read publication 

Thermoregulation by captive and free-ranging Egyptian rousette bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) in South Africa

Barclay RMR, Jacobs DS, Harding CT, McKechnie AE, McCulloch SD, Markotter W, Paweska J, Brigham RM.

Journal of Mammalogy, 98(2):572–578, 2017.  DOI:10.1093/jmammal/gyw234.  Read publication 

Mechanisms of HIV persistence in HIV reservoirs

Mzingwane ML, Tiemessen CT.

Journal of Mammalogy, 98(2):572–578, 2017.  DOI:10.1093/jmammal/gyw234.  Read publication