What is Antimicrobial Resistance ?
Antimicrobial resistance occurs when microorganisms (germs) become resistant to antimicrobial agents. An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial agents that act against bacteria are called “antibiotics”, and those that act against fungi are called “antifungals”. As antibiotics and antifungals are used and in some cases, misused, resistance results. This reduces the types of antibiotics that are available for treatment of infections. Causes of antibiotic resistance include the over-prescription of antibiotics, incorrect duration of treatment, lack of hygiene and poor sanitation, poor infection control practices in hospitals and clinics and the over-use of antibiotics in livestock and fish farming.