What is Mucormycosis or “black fungus”?
Mucormycosis is a rare but life-threatening opportunistic infection. This infection has been referred to as “black fungus” in media reports in 2021. Mucormycosis is caused by a group of fungi or moulds within the fungal Order Mucorales – the first part of the name of the infection “mucor-mycosis” is derived from the name of this group of fungi “Mucor-ales”. A fungus called Rhizopus within the Order Mucorales is the most common cause of mucormycosis. Mucormycosis most often affects the sinuses, eyes, brain and lungs and is a rapidly progressive disease. Depending on which body system is infected, between 30% to 100% of people will die, and survivors may have debilitating complications such as vision loss.