Latest confirmed cases of COVID-19 in South Africa (18 Dec 2020)

Today the cumulative number of cases stands at 901 538 with 8 725 new cases identified since the last report.

Province Total cases for 18 December 2020 Percentage total
Eastern Cape 155873 17,3
Free State 60166 6,7
Gauteng 252390 28,0
KwaZulu-Natal 151622 16,8
Limpopo 19771 2,2
Mpumalanga 32829 3,6
North West 36305 4,0
Northern Cape 24000 2,7
Western Cape 168582 18,7
Unknown 0 0,0
Total 901538 100,0

A cumulative total of 6 051 986 tests have been completed with 40 751 new tests conducted since the last report.

Sector Total tested New tested
PRIVATE 3 501 454 58% 26 157 64%
PUBLIC 2 550 532 42% 14 594 36%
Total 6 051 986 40 751

Regrettably, 274 more COVID-19 related deaths have been reported: Eastern Cape 92 , Free State 6, Gauteng 15, Kwa-Zulu Natal 56, Mpumalanga 4 and Western Cape 101. This brings the total deaths to 24 285 deaths. We convey our condolences to the loved ones of the departed and thank the health workers that treated the deceased.

Our recoveries now stand at 783 818.

Province Total Deaths Total

Recoveries

Active Cases
Eastern Cape 5965 135 876 14 032
Free State 2110 53 663 4 393
Gauteng 5161 233 945 13 284
KwaZulu-Natal 3574 122 891 25 157
Limpopo 522 18 359 890
Mpumalanga 621 31 294 914
North West 571 34 116 1 618
Northern Cape 372 21 753 1 875
Western Cape 5389 131 921 31 272
Total 24 285 783 818 93 435

 

Statement on the 501.V2 Variant

 This evening we convened a public briefing to announce that a variant of the SARS-COV-2 Virus- currently termed 501.V2 Variant, has been identified by our genomics scientists here in South Africa.

This genomics team, led by the Kwazulu-Natal Research Innovation and Sequencing Platform, or KRISP, has sequenced hundreds of samples from across the country since the beginning of the pandemic in March. As they will elaborate shortly, they noticed that a particular variant has increasingly dominated the findings of the samples collected in the past two months. In addition, clinicians have been providing anecdotal evidence of a shift in the clinical epidemiological picture- in particular noting that they are seeing a larger proportion of younger patients with no co-morbidities presenting with critical illness. The evidence that has been collated, therefore, strongly suggests that that the current second wave we are experiencing is being driven by this new variant.

The team at KRISP, led by Professor Tulio de Oliviera, (who will shortly give a presentation) have been sharing their findings with the World Health Organization and the scientific community at large. In fact, it was this consortium that alerted the UK to our variant, upon which the UK then studied their own samples and found that a similar mutation on the same site (that is the 501 site), was the variant that was driving their resurgence in London, leading to an announcement being made in Parliament and the lockdown that was instituted in London to curb the spread of this variant. This is the calibre of our own scientists here in South Africa and we are extremely proud to once again demonstrate leadership in the COVID-19 response on a world stage.

There are some concerning issues that I wish to bring to the attention of the public:

  1. We did not expect the second wave to emerge as soon as it has
  2. The second wave has come during the festive season
  3. Complacency has set in and people have grown tired of adhering to non-pharmaceutical interventions

However, It is important to reiterate that while this mutation is a cause for concern, there is no reason to panic.

We appeal to all the media and medical and scientific community to focus on the facts and avoid entering into speculation or issue unproven statements and generate panic and disinformation

This research underlines the need for all of us all to loyally adhere to the practice of Non-pharmaceutical interventions which work as effectively in any pandemic of this nature including COVID-19 as we have known it and is just as effective to a mutant variant of the same virus

Nothing will beat the rigid implementation of wearing of masks use of hand sanitizer and washing with soap and distancing

Many countries experienced a second wave that was more severe than first -even where no mutations were reported

Our current case management is guided by clinical manifestations of the pandemic and this has still been effective irrespective of the mutation that has been identified.

There is no evidence to suggest a need to change in clinical treatment and patient management of COVID 19 in the second wave to date. I have directed that the clinician’s subcommittee of MAC should monitor the situation and issue an advisory whenever the need for changing clinical treatment and patient management is deemed necessary.

We have recently announced more restrictions using a differentiated approach across the country- that is we implemented different containment measures depending on the infection spread such as hotspots and anticipated social behaviour during the festive season, as well as strengthening the effectiveness of our inspections and enforcement measures.

This discovery does not necessitate additional measures. There will be no basis to change purely based on this report.

Reports based on surveillance and intensive monitoring continues to guide our response which is driven by science. We will declare new districts as hotspots as they reach the threshold and continue to monitor how these increases impact on our health service and health care workers.

In response to the second wave, we have directed that all provinces reactivate their resurgence plans and mount the appropriate response to the resurgence of COVID-19 by ensuring

  • adequate Human Resources for health: employment of nurses and doctors and all staff that is needed
  • reactivation of the field hospital beds
  • preparing more ICU beds as in the earlier surge
  • provision of adequate oxygen and oxygen delivery tools

We will also ensure adequate psychosocial support for health care workers and they will be prioritised for vaccinations against COVID-19.

Invariably the research raises more questions and I have directed that more work to be done to clarify the following:

  • Implications on individuals previously infected and recovered to ascertain if they would be reinfected- ed by the variant- we currently have no information and we must avoid speculation but wait for re-search
  • There will also be further research to ascertain if the current vaccines will be effective on the new variant- we shall continue with the vaccine program as there is no evidence to do otherwise and scientific research will clarify that. Before that happens there is no new action needed and no evidence to change the approach.

I must take this opportunity to speak to our youth. Last week I made an announcement that we have entered into our second wave and that it is mostly young people who are testing positive for COVID-19 in recent weeks: this continues to be the case. Our clinicians have also warned us that things have changed and that younger, previously healthy people are now becoming very sick. De- spite all these warnings in the past couple of weeks, we continue to see recent videos on social media of youth partying in large numbers, even some playing kissing games during these parties. Our youth are not wearing masks and are clearly so intoxicated that they have thrown caution to the wind and do not care to observe the rules under the state of disaster. It cannot be that our youth can only adhere to lifesaving measures by being policed. We call on parents, caregivers and our youth to understand that this is now not just a matter of thinking about others but you yourselves are now equally at risk of dying from COVID-19. We cannot go through what we went through in the early days of the AIDS pandemic when mothers and grandmothers were burying their children- this is the most heartbreaking phenomenon. The youth is urged to take care and find alternative ways of having safe fun this festive season.

The situation can be contained and it all depends on our ability and commitment to change behaviour. We will continue to update and keep the public informed on any further developments.

Dr Zwelini Mkhize
Minister of Health

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