A column that focuses on selected and current regional and international disease outbreaks that may affect South Africans


The seventh cholera pandemic began in South Asia in 1961 and continues today. Since mid-2021, there has been a global upsurge in the pandemic, resulting in the World Health Organization


Mpox (previously known as monkeypox) is caused by an infection with the monkeypox virus. The monkeypox virus is classified into two clades. This being clade I, identified as the Congo

Multi-Country Cholera Outbreaks

From the start of the year, up until the 29 January 2024, there have been a total of 20 787 cases (2 616 confirmed; 18 171 suspected) and 622 deaths

Influenza in the Northern Hemisphere

As of 8 January 2024, influenza activity continued to increase in the temperate Northern Hemisphere, mainly in parts of North America, Europe and Central Asia. Increased influenza activity was observed

Cholera-Africa Region

Since the beginning of 2023 and as of 26 November 2023, a total of 29 countries have reported cholera cases globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) African Region (AFRO) remains